High Temperature Alkaline Electrolysis Cells with Metal Foam Based Gas Diffusion Electrodes

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Abstract

Alkaline electrolysis cells operating at 250°C and 40 bar are able to convert electrical energy into hydrogen at very high efficiencies and power densities. In the present work we demonstrate the application of a PTFE hydrophobic network and Ag nanowires as oxygen evolution electrocatalyst in the metal foam based gas diffusion electrodes. A novel cell production method, based on tape casting and hot pressing, was developed which allows to increase the cell size from lab scale (1 cm2) to areas of 25 cm2 or larger. The thickness of the electrolyte matrix could be adjusted to only 200 μm, achieving a serial resistance and total area specific resistance of only 60 mΩ cm2 and 150 mΩ cm2, respectively, at 200°C and 20 bar, yielding a record high current density of 3.75 A cm-2 at a cell voltage of 1.75 V. Encouraging long-term stability was obtained over 400 h of continuous electrolysis. This novel cell concept promises more than a 10-fold improvement in power density, compared to conventional alkaline electrolysis cells, and thereby equivalent reduction in stack size and cost.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of The Electrochemical Society
Volume163
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)F3036-F3040
Number of pages5
ISSN0013-4651
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons
Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse of the work in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. [DOI: 10.1149/2.0051611jes] All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Alkaline
  • Ceramic separator
  • Electrolysis
  • High pressure
  • High temperature
  • Hydrogen
  • Metal foams
  • Power density
  • Stability

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