High-Resolution Melt Analysis for Rapid Comparison of Bacterial Community Compositions

Mathis Hjort Hjelmsø, Lars Hestbjerg Hansen, Jacob Bælum, Louise Feld, William E. Holben, Carsten Suhr Jacobsen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    In the study of bacterial community composition, 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing is today among the preferred methods of analysis. The cost of nucleotide sequence analysis, including requisite computational and bioinformatic steps, however, takes up a large part of many research budgets. High-resolution melt (HRM) analysis is the study of the melt behavior of specific PCR products. Here we describe a novel high-throughput approach in which we used HRM analysis targeting the 16S rRNA gene to rapidly screen multiple complex samples for differences in bacterial community composition. We hypothesized that HRM analysis of amplified 16S rRNA genes from a soil ecosystem could be used as a screening tool to identify changes in bacterial community structure. This hypothesis was tested using a soil microcosm setup exposed to a total of six treatments representing different combinations of pesticide and fertilization treatments. The HRM analysis identified a shift in the bacterial community composition in two of the treatments, both including the soil fumigant Basamid GR. These results were confirmed with both denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis and 454-based 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. HRM analysis was shown to be a fast, high-throughput technique that can serve as an effective alternative to gel-based screening methods to monitor microbial community composition.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalAPPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY
    Volume80
    Issue number12
    Pages (from-to)3568-3575
    ISSN0099-2240
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Keywords

    • Methods

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