Ionic liquids have been broadly studied in the past decade forbeing used as lubricants or lubricant additives. The rheological characterizationof these fluids is very important in this context because it determinesto a great extent their performance for different lubricants applications, such as hydraulic or gear lubricants. Thus, in this work we have performed the rheometric characterization of two ionic liquids (ILs), 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium n-hexylsulfate and trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium tris(pentafluoroethyl)trifluorophosphate, in the temperature range from 298.15 to 353.15 K up to 75 MPa and shear rates up to 1000 s–1. For this aim, the setup of a new device for rheological characterization at high pressure based on Couette flow and concentric cylinders was undertaken in this work. Moreover the pressure–viscosity and temperature–viscosity coefficients of these ILs have been calculated. Both ILs present Newtonian behavior in the studied conditions. The trifluorophosphate IL has strong pressure–viscosity dependence, whereas for the other IL this dependence is quite slight.