The equation of state of anatase TiO2 has been determined experimentally-using polycrystalline as well as single-crystal material-and compared with theoretical calculations using the ab initio perturbed ion model. The results are highly consistent, the zero-pressure bulk modulus being 179(2) GPa from experiment and 189 GPa from theory. Single-crystal tetragonal anatase transforms to the orthorhombic alpha-PbO2 structure at about 4.5 GPa. This transition is suppressed in the polycrystalline material at room temperature, probably due to the presence of grain boundaries and other crystal defects. Polycrystalline anatase is found to transform to the monoclinic baddeleyite structure at about 13 GPa. Upon decompression, the baddeleyite phase transforms to the alpha-PbO2 phase at about 7 GPa. The experimental zero-pressure bulk moduli an 258(8) GPa for the alpha-PbO2 phase and 290(10) GPa for the baddeleyite phase.
Bibliographical noteCopyright (2000) American Physical Society
- NANOCRYSTALLINE TIO2