High-performance lithium storage based on the synergy of atomic-thickness nanosheets of TiO2(B) and ultrafine Co3O4 nanoparticles

Jawayria Mujtaba, Hongyu Sun, Yanyan Zhao, Guolei Xiang, Shengming Xu, Jing Zhu

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Lithium ion batteries (LIBs) are critical constituents of modern day vehicular and telecommunication technologies. Transition metal oxides and their composites have been extensively studied as potential electrode materials for LIBs. However, inefficient lithiation, poor electrical conductivity, and drastic volume change during cycling result in low reversible capacity and rapid capacity fading, and thus hinder the practical applications of those electrodes. In this work, we report a facile synthesis of a novel hierarchical composites, which consist of ultrafine Co3O4 nanoparticles uniformly dispersed on TiO2(B) nanosheets with atomic thickness (Co3O4 NPs@TiO2(B) NSs). When tested as anode material for LIBs, the Co3O4 NPs@TiO2(B) NSs sample with optimized composition shows a reversible capacity of ∼677.3 mAhg-1 after 80 cycles at a current density of 100 mAg-1. A capacity of 386.2 mAhg-1 is still achieved at 1000 mAg-1. The synergistic effect of ultrafine Co3O4 nanoparticles and atomic-thickness TiO2(B) nanosheets is responsible for the enhanced electrochemical performance.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Power Sources
    Volume363
    Pages (from-to)110-116
    ISSN0378-7753
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Keywords

    • Anode materials
    • Co3O4 nanoparticles
    • Lithium ion batteries
    • Synergistic effect
    • TiO2(B) nanosheets

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