In production optimization, computation of the gradients is the computationally expensive step. We improve the computational efficiency of such algorithms by improving the gradient computation using high-order ESDIRK (Explicit Singly Diagonally Implicit Runge-Kutta) temporal integration methods and continuous adjoints . The high order integration scheme allows larger time steps and therefore faster solution times. We compare gradient computation by the continuous adjoint method to the discrete adjoint method and the finite-difference method. The methods are implemented for a two phase flow reservoir simulator. Computational experiments demonstrate that the accuracy of the sensitivities obtained by the adjoint methods are comparable to the accuracy obtained by the finite difference method. The continuous adjoint method is able to use a different time grid than the forward integration. Therefore, it can compute these sensitivities much faster than the discrete adjoint method and the finite-difference method. On the other hand, the discrete adjoint method produces the gradients of the numerical schemes, which is beneficial for the numerical optimization algorithm. Computational experiments show that when the time steps are controlled in a certain range, the continuous adjoint method produces gradients sufficiently accurate for the optimization algorithm and somewhat faster than the discrete adjoint method.
|Title of host publication||ECMOR XIII – 13th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery|
|Number of pages||21|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|
|Event||13th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery (ECMOR XIII) - Biarritz, France|
Duration: 10 Sep 2012 → 13 Sep 2012
|Conference||13th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery (ECMOR XIII)|
|Period||10/09/2012 → 13/09/2012|