Hierarchical Structure and Strengthening Mechanisms in Pearlitic Steel Wire

Xiaodan Zhang, Niels Hansen, Xiaoxu Huang, Andrew William Godfrey

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Microstructure evolution and strengthening mechanisms have been analyzed in a cold-drawn pearlitic steel wire (the strongest engineering materials in the world) with a nanostructure down to 10 nm and a flow stress up to 5.4 GPa. The interlamellar spacing and the cementite lamellae thickness are reduced during drawing in accordance with the change in wire diameter up to a strain of 2.5. At a higher strain enhanced thinning of cementite lamellae points to decomposition and carbon enrichment of the ferrite lamellae. Dislocations are stored as individual dislocations and in low angle boundaries. No saturation in the dislocation density is observed and it increases to 5E16 m-2 at a strain of 5.4. A high dislocation density at the ferrite/cementite(ferrite) interface is also observed. Boundary strengthening, dislocation strengthening and solid solution hardening are suggested and good agreement is found between the calculated flow stresses and experimental values.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventTMS 2017 : 146th Annual Meeting and Exhibition - San Diego Convention Center and Marriott Marquis & Marina, San Diego, United States
Duration: 26 Feb 20172 Mar 2017


ConferenceTMS 2017
LocationSan Diego Convention Center and Marriott Marquis & Marina
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego

Cite this

Zhang, X., Hansen, N., Huang, X., & Godfrey, A. W. (2017). Hierarchical Structure and Strengthening Mechanisms in Pearlitic Steel Wire. Abstract from TMS 2017 , San Diego, United States.