Heterotrophic denitrifiers growing on soluble microbial products contribute to nitrous oxide production in anammox biofilm: Model evaluation

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article – Annual report year: 2019Researchpeer-review

  • Author: Peng, Lai

    Wuhan University of Technology, China

  • Author: Ngo, Huu Hao

    University of Technology Sydney, Australia

  • Author: Song, Shaoxian

    Wuhan University of Technology, China

  • Author: Xu, Yifeng

    Wuhan University of Technology, China

  • Author: Guo, Wenshan

    University of Technology Sydney, Australia

  • Author: Liu, Yiwen

    University of Technology Sydney, Australia

  • Author: Wei, Wei

    University of Technology Sydney, Australia

  • Author: Chen, Xueming

    PROSYS - Process and Systems Engineering Centre, Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Søltofts Plads, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Wang, Dongbo

    Hunan University, China

  • Author: Ni, Bing-Jie

    University of Technology Sydney, China

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In this work, a model framework was constructed to assess and predict nitrous oxide (N2O) production, substrate and microbe interactions in an anammox biofilm bioreactor. The anammox kinetics were extended by including kinetics of autotrophic soluble microbial products (SMP) formation, which consisted of utilization-associated products (UAP) and biomass-associated products (BAP). Heterotrophic bacteria growing on UAP, BAP and decay released substance (SS) were modelled to perform four-step sequential reductions from nitrate to dinitrogen gas. N2O was modelled as an intermidiate of heterotrophic denitrification via three pathways with UAP, BAP and SS as the electron donors. The developed model framework was evaluated using long-term operational data from an anammox biofilm reactor and satisfactorily reproduced effluent nitrogen and SMP as well as N2O emission factors under different operational conditions. The modeling results revealed that N2O was mainly produced with UAP as the electron donor while BAP and SS play minor roles. Heterotrophic denitrifiers growing on UAP would significantly contribute to N2O emission from anammox biofilm reactor even though heterotrophs only account for a relatively small fraction of active biomass in the anammox biofilm. Comprehensive simulations were conducted to investigate the effects of N loading rate and biofilm thickness, which indicated that maintaining a low N loading rate and a thick biofilm thickness were essential for high total nitrogen removal efficiency and low N2O emission.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume242
Pages (from-to)309-314
ISSN0301-4797
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

    Research areas

  • Anammox biofilm, Biofilm thickness, Model framework, Nitrogen loading rate, Nitrous oxide, Soluble microbial products

ID: 177808715