Heteroscedastic extended logistic regression for postprocessing of ensemble guidance

Jakob W. Messner*, Georg J. Mayr, Achim Zeileis, Daniel S. Wilks

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


To achieve well-calibrated probabilistic forecasts, ensemble forecasts are often statistically postprocessed. One recent ensemble-calibration method is extended logistic regression, which extends the popular logistic regression to yield full probability distribution forecasts. Although the purpose of this method is to postprocess ensemble forecasts, usually only the ensemble mean is used as the predictor variable, whereas the ensemble spread is neglected because it does not improve the forecasts. In this study it is shown that when simply used as an ordinary predictor variable in extended logistic regression, the ensemble spread affects the location but not the variance of the predictive distribution. Uncertainty information contained in the ensemble spread is therefore not utilized appropriately. To solve this drawback a new approach is proposed where the ensemble spread is directly used to predict the dispersion of the predictive distribution.With wind speed data and ensemble forecasts from the European Centre forMedium-RangeWeather Forecasts (ECMWF) it is shown that by using this approach, theensemble spread can be used effectively to improve forecasts from extended logistic regression.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMonthly Weather Review
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)448-456
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

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