HESI pilot project: Testing a qualitative approach for incorporating exposure into alternatives assessment

Bill Greggs, Scott Arnold, Thomas J. Burns, Peter Egeghy, Peter Fantke, Bonnie Gaborek, Lauren Heine, Olivier Jolliet, Derek Muir, Joseph Rinkevich, Neha Sunge, Jennifer Young Tanir

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    Most alternatives assessments (AA) published to date are largely hazard-based rankings, and as such may not serve to determine a practical and functional replacement. With an assessment goal of identifying an alternative chemical that is more sustainable, other attributes beyond hazard are also important, including exposure, risk, life-cycle thinking, performance, cost, and social responsibility. Building on the 2014 recommendations by the US National
    Academy of Sciences to improve AA decisions by including comparative xposure assessment, the HESI Sustainable Chemical Alternatives Technical Committee, which consists of scientists from academia, industry, government, and
    NGOs, has developed a qualitative comparative exposure approach. Conducting such a comparison can screen for alternatives that are expected to have a higher exposure potential, which could trigger a higher-tiered, more-quantitative exposure assessment on the alternatives being considered.
    This talk will demonstrate an approach for including chemical and product exposure information in a qualitative AA comparison. Starting from existing hazard AAs, a series of four exposure examples were examined to test the
    concept, to understand the effort required, and to determine the value of exposure data in AA decision-making. The group has developed ingredient and product parameter categorization to support comparisons between chemicals and methodology to address data quality. The ingredient parameters include a range of physicochemical properties that can impact exposure, while the product parameters include aspects such as exposure pathway, use pattern,
    frequency/duration of use, concentration in product and use volume, accessibility, and disposal. Key learnings, challenges, and opportunities for further work will also be presented.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date2016
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    Event20th Annual Green Chemistry & Engineering Conference - Portland, United States
    Duration: 14 Jun 201616 Jun 2016
    Conference number: 20


    Conference20th Annual Green Chemistry & Engineering Conference
    Country/TerritoryUnited States


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