Hemoglobin-Based Oxygen Carriers Incorporating Nanozymes for the Depletion of Reactive Oxygen Species

Michelle Maria Theresia Jansman, Xiaoli Liu, Paul Kempen, Gael Clergeaud, Thomas Lars Andresen, Peter Waaben Thulstrup, Leticia Hosta-Rigau*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

While transfusion of donor blood is a reasonably safe and well-established procedure, artificial oxygen carriers offer several advantages over blood transfusions. These benefits include compatibility with all blood types, thus avoiding the need for cross matching, availability, lack of infection, and long-term storage. Hemoglobin (Hb)-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) are being explored as an "oxygen bridge" to replace or complement standard blood transfusions in extreme, life-threatening situations such as trauma in remote locations or austere battlefield or when blood is not an option due to compatibility issues or patient refusal due to religious objections. Herein, a novel HBOC was prepared using the layer-by-layer technique. A poly(lactide-co-glycolide) core was fabricated and subsequently decorated with Hb and nanozymes. The Hb was coated with poly(dopamine), and preservation of the protein structure and functionality was demonstrated. Next, cerium oxide nanoparticles were incorporated as nanozymes, and their ability to deplete reactive oxygen species (ROS) was shown. Finally, decorating the nanocarrier surface with poly(ethylene glycol) decreased protein adsorption and cell association/uptake. The as-prepared Hb-based oxygen nanocarriers were shown to be hemo- and bio-compatible. Their catalytic potential was furthermore demonstrated in terms of superoxide radical- and peroxide-scavenging abilities, which were retained over multiple cycles. Overall, these results demonstrate that the reported nanocarriers show potential as novel oxygen delivery systems with prolonged catalytic activity against ROS.
Original languageEnglish
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume12
Issue number45
Pages (from-to)50275–50286
ISSN1944-8244
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Antioxidant activity
  • Blood substitutes
  • Cerium oxide nanoparticles
  • Hemoglobin
  • Layer-by-layer assembly
  • Nanozymes

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