Helico-conical optical beams: a product of helical and conical phase fronts

C.A. Alonzo, P.J. Rodrigo, J. Glückstad

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    Helico-conical optical beams, different from higher-order Bessel beams, are generated with a parallel-aligned nematic liquid crystal spatial light modulator (SLM) by multiplying helical and conical phase functions leading to a nonseparable radial and azimuthal phase dependence. The intensity distributions of the focused beams are explored in two- and three-dimensions. In contrast to the ring shape formed by a focused optical vortex, a helico-conical beam produces a spiral intensity distribution at the focal plane. Simple scaling relationships are found between observed spiral geometry and initial phase distributions. Observations near the focal plane further reveal a cork-screw intensity distribution around the propagation axis. These light distributions, and variations upon them, may find use for optical trapping and manipulation of mesoscopic particles.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalOpt. Express
    Issue number5
    Pages (from-to)1749-1760
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

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