Heat transfer from the evaporator outlet to the charge of thermostatic expansion valves

Lasse Nicolai Langmaack, Hans-Jørgen Høgaard Knudsen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The bulb of a thermostatic expansion valve (TXV) is basically a temperature-pressure converter. It senses the temperature at the outlet of the evaporator, and the substance in the bulb (charge) generates the corresponding saturation pressure inside the bulb. The bulb is mounted on the evaporator outlet with a special mounting strap. The heat transfer is quite complex because it takes place both directly through the contact points between bulb and pipe and indirectly through the mounting strap The TXV has to react to temperature changes at the evaporator outlet. Therefore, the dynamic behavior of the valve (and thereby the whole refrigeration system) depends greatly on the heat transfer between the evaporator outlet tube and the charge in the bulb. In this paper a model for the overall heat transfer between the pipe and the charge is presented. Geometrical data and material properties have been kept as parameters in order to be able to see the effect of changes in those. Some of the parameters (e.g. thermal contact resistances) have been determined by a finite element model and a series of experiments. The model has been validated using test results obtained under different operating conditions and has been found to predict the time constant for the temperature development in the bulb within 1-10 %. Furthermore it has been found that app. 20% of the heat transfer takes place trough the mounting strap.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationXI International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference at Purdue
VolumePaper no. R009
Publication date2006
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Event11th International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference - Purdue, IN, United States
Duration: 17 Jul 200620 Jul 2006
Conference number: 11

Conference

Conference11th International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference
Number11
CountryUnited States
CityPurdue, IN
Period17/07/200620/07/2006

Cite this

Langmaack, L. N., & Knudsen, H-J. H. (2006). Heat transfer from the evaporator outlet to the charge of thermostatic expansion valves. In XI International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference at Purdue (Vol. Paper no. R009)