Heat pump working fluid selection—economic and thermodynamic comparison of criteria and boundary conditions

Benjamin Zühlsdorf*, Jonas Kjær Jensen, Brian Elmegaard

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

The study analyzes approaches for the selection of working fluids for the design of heat pump cycles based on numerical modeling. Different approaches for defining economically reasonable assumptions for the heat exchanger dimensioning were compared with respect to the identification of thermodynamically and economically promising working fluids. It was revealed that comparisons based on fixed heat exchanger investment do not exploit the performance of potentially high performing fluids. The approach of defining the pinch point temperature differences in the heat exchangers was found to provide results that were closest to the economic optimum, while being readily applicable in screening procedures. The method was demonstrated by two examples using excess heat from data centers for district heating supply. For the two cases, zeotropic mixtures were identified that could improve the thermodynamic performance by 30%–35% while achieving a reduction of levelized cost of heat of 8% to 10%.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Refrigeration
Volume98
Pages (from-to)500-513
ISSN0140-7007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Data center cooling
  • District heating
  • Heat pump design
  • Industrial heat pump
  • Refrigerant selection
  • Temperature glide matching
  • Zeotropic Mixture

Cite this

@article{23e14a65ca16452c8555b9450dbcee77,
title = "Heat pump working fluid selection—economic and thermodynamic comparison of criteria and boundary conditions",
abstract = "The study analyzes approaches for the selection of working fluids for the design of heat pump cycles based on numerical modeling. Different approaches for defining economically reasonable assumptions for the heat exchanger dimensioning were compared with respect to the identification of thermodynamically and economically promising working fluids. It was revealed that comparisons based on fixed heat exchanger investment do not exploit the performance of potentially high performing fluids. The approach of defining the pinch point temperature differences in the heat exchangers was found to provide results that were closest to the economic optimum, while being readily applicable in screening procedures. The method was demonstrated by two examples using excess heat from data centers for district heating supply. For the two cases, zeotropic mixtures were identified that could improve the thermodynamic performance by 30{\%}–35{\%} while achieving a reduction of levelized cost of heat of 8{\%} to 10{\%}.",
keywords = "Data center cooling, District heating, Heat pump design, Industrial heat pump, Refrigerant selection, Temperature glide matching, Zeotropic Mixture",
author = "Benjamin Z{\"u}hlsdorf and Jensen, {Jonas Kj{\ae}r} and Brian Elmegaard",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2018.11.034",
language = "English",
volume = "98",
pages = "500--513",
journal = "International Journal of Refrigeration",
issn = "0140-7007",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Heat pump working fluid selection—economic and thermodynamic comparison of criteria and boundary conditions. / Zühlsdorf, Benjamin; Jensen, Jonas Kjær; Elmegaard, Brian.

In: International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 98, 2019, p. 500-513.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Heat pump working fluid selection—economic and thermodynamic comparison of criteria and boundary conditions

AU - Zühlsdorf, Benjamin

AU - Jensen, Jonas Kjær

AU - Elmegaard, Brian

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The study analyzes approaches for the selection of working fluids for the design of heat pump cycles based on numerical modeling. Different approaches for defining economically reasonable assumptions for the heat exchanger dimensioning were compared with respect to the identification of thermodynamically and economically promising working fluids. It was revealed that comparisons based on fixed heat exchanger investment do not exploit the performance of potentially high performing fluids. The approach of defining the pinch point temperature differences in the heat exchangers was found to provide results that were closest to the economic optimum, while being readily applicable in screening procedures. The method was demonstrated by two examples using excess heat from data centers for district heating supply. For the two cases, zeotropic mixtures were identified that could improve the thermodynamic performance by 30%–35% while achieving a reduction of levelized cost of heat of 8% to 10%.

AB - The study analyzes approaches for the selection of working fluids for the design of heat pump cycles based on numerical modeling. Different approaches for defining economically reasonable assumptions for the heat exchanger dimensioning were compared with respect to the identification of thermodynamically and economically promising working fluids. It was revealed that comparisons based on fixed heat exchanger investment do not exploit the performance of potentially high performing fluids. The approach of defining the pinch point temperature differences in the heat exchangers was found to provide results that were closest to the economic optimum, while being readily applicable in screening procedures. The method was demonstrated by two examples using excess heat from data centers for district heating supply. For the two cases, zeotropic mixtures were identified that could improve the thermodynamic performance by 30%–35% while achieving a reduction of levelized cost of heat of 8% to 10%.

KW - Data center cooling

KW - District heating

KW - Heat pump design

KW - Industrial heat pump

KW - Refrigerant selection

KW - Temperature glide matching

KW - Zeotropic Mixture

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2018.11.034

DO - 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2018.11.034

M3 - Journal article

VL - 98

SP - 500

EP - 513

JO - International Journal of Refrigeration

JF - International Journal of Refrigeration

SN - 0140-7007

ER -