Constant and well-defined exposure is crucial for the toxicity testing of liquid organic chemicals with high Henry’s constants, which are prone to substantial evaporative losses. A simple and effective headspace passive dosing method was developed and then applied to control the exposure of the freshwater algae Raphidocelis subcapitata and the terrestrial springtail Folsomia candida to terpenes and alkanes in toxicity experiments. The headspace passive dosing method applies a liquid partitioning donor placed in the headspace of the closed test vial for controlling exposure while avoiding direct contact and introduction of pure phase micro-droplets. Passive dosing from the pure liquid compound was applied for toxicity testing exactly at the solubility limit, and a dilution series of test chemicals prepared in purified vegetable oil served as donor for dose-response testing. The terpenes S-(-)-Limonene and a-(+)-Pinene were tested in both the algal growth inhibition test and the springtail test. In addition, n-nonane, n-undecane and n-tridecane were tested on the algae, while iso-octane, iso-dodecane and n-dodecane were tested on the springtails. Our first results demonstrated that (1) the headspace passive dosing method is a simple yet effective way to control exposure to volatile hydrophobic organic chemicals and (2) that the method is straightforward to apply in algal growth inhibition and springtail toxicity tests. Further analyses of exposure parameters are in progress to better understand and quantify the resulting toxicity.
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
|Event||SETAC Europe 28th Annual Meeting - Rome, Italy|
Duration: 13 May 2018 → 17 May 2018
|Conference||SETAC Europe 28th Annual Meeting|
|Period||13/05/2018 → 17/05/2018|