Handling Initial Conditions in Vector Fitting for Real Time Modeling of Power System Dynamics

Tommaso Bradde, Samuel Chevalier*, Marco De Stefano, Stefano Grivet-Talocia, Luca Daniel

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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    This paper develops a predictive modeling algorithm, denoted as Real-Time Vector Fitting (RTVF), which is capable of approximating the real-time linearized dynamics of multi-input multi-output (MIMO) dynamical systems via rational transfer function matrices. Based on a generalization of the well-known Time-Domain Vector Fitting (TDVF) algorithm, RTVF is suitable for online modeling of dynamical systems which experience both initial-state decay contributions in the measured output signals and concurrently active input signals. These adaptations were specifically contrived to meet the needs currently present in the electrical power systems community, where real-time modeling of low frequency power system dynamics is becoming an increasingly coveted tool by power system operators. After introducing and validating the RTVF scheme on synthetic test cases, this paper presents a series of numerical tests on high-order closed-loop generator systems in the IEEE 39-bus test system.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number2471
    Number of pages21
    Publication statusPublished - 2021


    • Power system dynamics
    • Real-time modeling
    • Vector Fitting


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