Hand eczema and stratum corneum ceramides

J. M. Jungersted, Julie Kaae Høgh, Lars Hellgren, S. Wilkinson, G. B. E. Jemec, T. Agner

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Background: Hand eczema (HE) is a multifactorial disease, comprising different aetiological conditions and different morphologies. There are two aetiologically distinct groups of HE recognised: exogenous, such as contact dermatitis (allergic and/or irritant HE) and endogenous, such as the classic hyperkeratotic HE. Differences in the skin barrier properties of these two conditions could theoretically be expected.
    Aim:To examine whether differences exist in the lipid profile and the susceptibility of the stratum corneum (SC) in patients with allergic/irritant HE and those with hyperkeratotic HE.
    Methods: Using cyanoacrylate, SC samples were taken from 23 patients with allergic/irritant HE and 15 with hyperkeratotic HE for lipid analysis by high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC). Samples were also taken from adjacent, unaffected skin. Severity of HE was assessed by the Hand Eczema Severity Index (HECSI), and skin barrier susceptibility was assessed by measuring transepidermal water loss (TEWL) after a 24-hour patch test with sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS).
    Results: No statistically significant difference was found between groups for the lipid analysis or for skin susceptibility to SLS. We found a significantly higher HECSI score for hyperkeratotic HE compared with irritant or allergic HE (P=0.02).
    Conclusions: There appears to be no difference in skin barrier between allergic/irritant HE (exogenous eczema) and hyperkeratotic HE (endogenous eczema) with regard to SC lipids or susceptibility to SLS.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalClinical and Experimental Dermatology
    Volume40
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)243-246
    Number of pages4
    ISSN0307-6938
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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