Guest-host interactions of arenes in H-ZSM-5 and their impact on methanol-to-hydrocarbons deactivation processes

Rasmus Y. Brogaard, Bert M. Weckhuysen, Jens K. Nørskov*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The acidic zeolite H-ZSM-5 is a widely used catalyst in industrial methanol-to-hydrocarbons (MTH) conversion, due to its pronounced stability to the formation of unreactive arenes that degrade the catalyst. In the present work, adsorption of a series of mono- and polycyclic arenes in H-ZSM-5 is modeled through periodic density functional theory calculations on the complete unit cell employing the BEEF-vdW functional. Polycyclic arenes are predicted to fit in the zeolite framework, the preferred adsorption site being the intersection region between the straight and sinusoidal channels. Supporting recent experimental results, an adsorbate orientation along the straight channel is predicted. A pronounced confinement of the arenes governs their directional interaction with acid sites. From the findings, it is plausible that deactivation of H-ZSM-5 during MTH conversion is caused by polycyclic arenes growing in the straight channels near the outer surface of the zeolite crystal on which they join to form graphitic layers.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Volume300
Pages (from-to)235-241
Number of pages7
ISSN0021-9517
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Catalyst deactivation
  • Density functional theory
  • Host-guest interaction
  • Hydrogen bonding
  • Methanol-to-hydrocarbons conversion
  • Silicalite-1
  • Van der Waals interaction
  • ZSM-5

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