Grid integration of DC fast-charging stations for EVs by using modular li-ion batteries

Marjan Gjelaj*, Seyedmostafa Hashemi, Chresten Træholt, Peter Bach Andersen

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Widespread use of electric vehicles (EVs) requires investigating impacts of vehicles’ charging on power systems. This paper focuses on the design of a new DC fast charging station (DCFCS) for EVs combined with local battery energy storages (BESs). Due to the BESs the DCFCS is able to decouple the peak load demand caused by multiple EVs and decrease the installation costs as well as the connection fees. The charging system is equipped with a bidirectional AC/DC converter, two lithium-ion batteries and a DC/DC converter. The introduction of BES within the DCFCSs is investigated with regards to operational costs of the charging stations as well as the ability of a BES to mitigating negative impacts on the power grid during congestion hours. The proposed solution is shown to reduce not only the installation costs but also the charging time and it facilitates the integration of fast chargers in existing low voltage (LV) grids. A cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is performed to evaluate the financial feasibility of BES within the DCFCSs by considering the installation costs, grid connection costs and battery life cycle costs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalI E T Generation, Transmission and Distribution
Number of pages11
ISSN1751-8687
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Cite this

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title = "Grid integration of DC fast-charging stations for EVs by using modular li-ion batteries",
abstract = "Widespread use of electric vehicles (EVs) requires investigating impacts of vehicles’ charging on power systems. This paper focuses on the design of a new DC fast charging station (DCFCS) for EVs combined with local battery energy storages (BESs). Due to the BESs the DCFCS is able to decouple the peak load demand caused by multiple EVs and decrease the installation costs as well as the connection fees. The charging system is equipped with a bidirectional AC/DC converter, two lithium-ion batteries and a DC/DC converter. The introduction of BES within the DCFCSs is investigated with regards to operational costs of the charging stations as well as the ability of a BES to mitigating negative impacts on the power grid during congestion hours. The proposed solution is shown to reduce not only the installation costs but also the charging time and it facilitates the integration of fast chargers in existing low voltage (LV) grids. A cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is performed to evaluate the financial feasibility of BES within the DCFCSs by considering the installation costs, grid connection costs and battery life cycle costs.",
author = "Marjan Gjelaj and Seyedmostafa Hashemi and Chresten Tr{\ae}holt and Andersen, {Peter Bach}",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1049/iet-gtd.2017.1917",
language = "English",
journal = "I E T Generation, Transmission and Distribution",
issn = "1751-8687",
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AU - Gjelaj, Marjan

AU - Hashemi, Seyedmostafa

AU - Træholt, Chresten

AU - Andersen, Peter Bach

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Widespread use of electric vehicles (EVs) requires investigating impacts of vehicles’ charging on power systems. This paper focuses on the design of a new DC fast charging station (DCFCS) for EVs combined with local battery energy storages (BESs). Due to the BESs the DCFCS is able to decouple the peak load demand caused by multiple EVs and decrease the installation costs as well as the connection fees. The charging system is equipped with a bidirectional AC/DC converter, two lithium-ion batteries and a DC/DC converter. The introduction of BES within the DCFCSs is investigated with regards to operational costs of the charging stations as well as the ability of a BES to mitigating negative impacts on the power grid during congestion hours. The proposed solution is shown to reduce not only the installation costs but also the charging time and it facilitates the integration of fast chargers in existing low voltage (LV) grids. A cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is performed to evaluate the financial feasibility of BES within the DCFCSs by considering the installation costs, grid connection costs and battery life cycle costs.

AB - Widespread use of electric vehicles (EVs) requires investigating impacts of vehicles’ charging on power systems. This paper focuses on the design of a new DC fast charging station (DCFCS) for EVs combined with local battery energy storages (BESs). Due to the BESs the DCFCS is able to decouple the peak load demand caused by multiple EVs and decrease the installation costs as well as the connection fees. The charging system is equipped with a bidirectional AC/DC converter, two lithium-ion batteries and a DC/DC converter. The introduction of BES within the DCFCSs is investigated with regards to operational costs of the charging stations as well as the ability of a BES to mitigating negative impacts on the power grid during congestion hours. The proposed solution is shown to reduce not only the installation costs but also the charging time and it facilitates the integration of fast chargers in existing low voltage (LV) grids. A cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is performed to evaluate the financial feasibility of BES within the DCFCSs by considering the installation costs, grid connection costs and battery life cycle costs.

U2 - 10.1049/iet-gtd.2017.1917

DO - 10.1049/iet-gtd.2017.1917

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SN - 1751-8687

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