Graphene Plasmon Waveguiding and Hybridization in Individual and Paired Nanoribbons

Johan Christensen, Alejandro Manjavacas, Sukosin Thongrattanasiri, Frank H. L. Koppens, F. Javier García De Abajo

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Plasmons in doped graphene exhibit relatively large confinement and long lifetime compared to noble-metal plasmons. Here, we study the propagation properties of plasmons guided along individual and interacting graphene nanoribbons. Besides their tunability via electrostatic gating, an additional handle to control these excitations is provided by the dielectric environment and the relative arrangement of the interacting waveguides. Plasmon interaction and hybridization in pairs of neighboring aligned ribbons are shown to be strong enough to produce dramatic modifications in the plasmon field profiles. We introduce a universal scaling law that considerably simplifies the analysis an understanding of these plasmons. Our work provides the building blocks to construct graphene plasmon circuits for future compact plasmon devices with potential application to optical signal processing, infrared sensing, and quantum information technology.
Original languageEnglish
JournalA C S Nano
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)431-440
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Graphene
  • Information technology
  • Nanophotonics
  • Optical signal processing
  • Precious metals
  • Quantum optics
  • Waveguides
  • Plasmons


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