Graphene-plasmon polaritons: from fundamental properties to potential applications [arXiv]

Sanshui Xiao, Xiaolong Zhu, Bo-Hong Li, N. Asger Mortensen

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With the unique possibilities for controlling light in nanoscale devices, graphene plasmonics has opened new perspectives to the nanophotonics community with potential applications in metamaterials, modulators, photodetectors, and sensors. This paper briefly reviews the recent exciting progress in graphene plasmonics. We begin with a general description for optical properties of graphene, particularly focusing on the dispersion of graphene-plasmon polaritons. The dispersion relation of graphene-plasmon polaritons of spatially extended graphene is expressed in terms of the local response limit with intraband contribution. With this theoretical foundation of graphene-plasmon polaritons, we then discuss recent exciting progress, paying specific attention to the following topics: excitation of graphene plasmon polaritons, electron-phonon interactions in graphene on polar substrates, and tunable graphene plasmonics with applications in modulators and sensors. Finally, we seek to address some of the apparent challenges and promising perspectives of graphene plasmonics. [Front. Phys. 11(2), 117801 (2016) doi:10.1007/s11467-016-0551-z].
Original languageEnglish
JournalFrontiers of Physics
Issue number2
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

c The Author(s) 2016. This article is published with open access at and


  • Nanophotonic devices and technology
  • Collective excitations (surface states)
  • Reviews and tutorial papers; resource letters
  • Sensing and detecting devices
  • Optical beam modulators
  • Optical metamaterials
  • Polaritons
  • Exchange, correlation, dielectric and magnetic functions, plasmons
  • Optical properties of graphene and graphene related materials (thin films, low-dimensional and nanoscale structures)
  • Microsensors and nanosensors
  • Photodetectors
  • Optical materials
  • graphene
  • nanophotonics
  • nanosensors
  • optical metamaterials
  • optical modulation
  • optical sensors
  • photodetectors
  • plasmonics
  • plasmons
  • polaritons
  • reviews
  • tunable graphene plasmonics
  • polar substrates
  • electron-phonon interactions
  • spatially extended graphene
  • dispersion relation
  • optical properties
  • sensors
  • modulators
  • metamaterials
  • nanoscale devices
  • light control
  • graphene-plasmon polaritons
  • C

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