Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) are electrochemical devices, that produce electricity from energy stored in fuel molecules under catalysis of enzymes. An EBFC contains a bioanode and/or a biocathode, in which enzymes are used to catalyse oxidation of fuel molecules such as sugars, and dioxygen reduction, respectively. The advantage of EBFCs is to generate energy from abundant fuel molecules without using expensive noble metals. On the other hand, development of EBFCs is still at the research stage due to instability of the biocatalysts. Here, we are developing a bioanode using graphene as supporting material, polyethyleneimine (PEI) as linker and glucose oxidase (GOD) as the chosen enzyme. GOD can catalyze oxidation of glucose to gluconolactone, but needs a mediator to assist electron transfer between the enzyme and electrodes. The redox molecule ferrocene carboxylic acid (FcCOOH) is immobilized together with GOD on the bioanode. Structure and composition of the graphene-GOD bioanode are shown in Fig. 1b. Electrochemical catalytic performance of the prepared bioanode has been observed. An EBFCs with the bioanode and the commercial Pt cathode have been successfully assembled and systematically investigated. The assembled EBFCs show good reproducibility. EBFCs provide maximum output power density 2.47 μW cm-2 at 35 ℃, indicating the optimized activity of EBFCs fed with glucose.
|Title of host publication||Book of Abstracts Sustain 2017|
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
|Event||Sustain 2017 - Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark|
Duration: 6 Dec 2017 → 6 Dec 2017
|Location||Technical University of Denmark|
|Period||06/12/2017 → 06/12/2017|