Graphene-glucose oxidase bioanodes for enzymatic biofuel cells

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Abstract

Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) are electrochemical devices, that produce electricity from energy stored in fuel molecules under catalysis of enzymes. An EBFC contains a bioanode and/or a biocathode, in which enzymes are used to catalyse oxidation of fuel molecules such as sugars, and dioxygen reduction, respectively. The advantage of EBFCs is to generate energy from abundant fuel molecules without using expensive noble metals. On the other hand, development of EBFCs is still at the research stage due to instability of the biocatalysts. Here, we are developing a bioanode using graphene as supporting material, polyethyleneimine (PEI) as linker and glucose oxidase (GOD) as the chosen enzyme. GOD can catalyze oxidation of glucose to gluconolactone, but needs a mediator to assist electron transfer between the enzyme and electrodes. The redox molecule ferrocene carboxylic acid (FcCOOH) is immobilized together with GOD on the bioanode. Structure and composition of the graphene-GOD bioanode are shown in Fig. 1b. Electrochemical catalytic performance of the prepared bioanode has been observed. An EBFCs with the bioanode and the commercial Pt cathode have been successfully assembled and systematically investigated. The assembled EBFCs show good reproducibility. EBFCs provide maximum output power density 2.47 μW cm-2 at 35 ℃, indicating the optimized activity of EBFCs fed with glucose.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBook of Abstracts Sustain 2017
Number of pages1
Publication date2017
Article numberC-15
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventSustain 2017 - Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
Duration: 6 Dec 20176 Dec 2017

Conference

ConferenceSustain 2017
LocationTechnical University of Denmark
CountryDenmark
CityKgs. Lyngby
Period06/12/201706/12/2017

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