Projects per year
The evolution of power generation, expansion of transportation and electrification, and popularization of portable electronic devices have altogether posed growing demands for more efficient energy storage systems. Supercapacitors, as one of major electrochemical energy storage devices, have recently received intensive attention. In this minireview, our focus is on graphene-conducting polymer nanocomposites and their applications in supercapacitors that have potential to perform high power and energy density, fast charge/discharge rate, low cost and eco-friendly operation conditions. We first introduce major types of supercapacitors and their working principles. We then overview several hybrid material systems combing graphene and various conducting polymers such as polyaniline, polythiophene, polypyrrole and their derivatives, with the emphasis on the composite design, synthesis methods, capacitive performance and current applications in flexible and bendable supercapacitors. Finally, the challenges and perspective of such composite electrode materials for supercapacitors are commented for perspective of further research directions.
- Electrochemical energy storage
- Conducting polymer
- Nanostructured composite materials