Grand challenges in the science of wind energy

Paul Veers*, Katherine Dykes, Eric Lantz, Stephan Barth, Carlo L Bottasso, Ola Carlson, Andrew Clifton, Johney Green, Peter Green, Hannele Holttinen, Daniel Laird, Ville Lehtomäki, Julie K. Lundquist, James Manwell, Melinda Marquis, Charles Meneveau, Patrick Moriarty, Xabier Munduate, Michael Muskulus, Jonathan NaughtonLucy Pao, Joshua Paquette, Joachim Peinke, Amy Robertson, Javier Sanz Rodrigo, Anna Maria Sempreviva, J. Charles Smith, Aidan Tuohy, Ryan Wiser

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Harvested by advanced technical systems honed over decades of research and development, wind energy has become a mainstream energy resource. However, continued innovation is needed to realize the potential of wind to serve global demand for clean energy. Here, we outline three interdependent, cross-disciplinary grand challenges underpinning this research endeavor. The first is the need for a deeper understanding of the physics of atmospheric flow in the critical zone of plant operation. The second involves science and engineering of the largest dynamic, rotating machines in the world. The third encompasses optimization and control of fleets of wind plants working synergistically within the electricity grid. Addressing these challenges could enable wind power to provide as much as half of our global electricity needs.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbereaau2027
JournalScience
Number of pages18
ISSN0036-8075
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Cite this

Veers, P., Dykes, K., Lantz, E., Barth, S., Bottasso, C. L., Carlson, O., ... Wiser, R. (2019). Grand challenges in the science of wind energy. Science, [eaau2027]. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aau2027
Veers, Paul ; Dykes, Katherine ; Lantz, Eric ; Barth, Stephan ; Bottasso, Carlo L ; Carlson, Ola ; Clifton, Andrew ; Green, Johney ; Green, Peter ; Holttinen, Hannele ; Laird, Daniel ; Lehtomäki, Ville ; Lundquist, Julie K. ; Manwell, James ; Marquis, Melinda ; Meneveau, Charles ; Moriarty, Patrick ; Munduate, Xabier ; Muskulus, Michael ; Naughton, Jonathan ; Pao, Lucy ; Paquette, Joshua ; Peinke, Joachim ; Robertson, Amy ; Sanz Rodrigo, Javier ; Sempreviva, Anna Maria ; Smith, J. Charles ; Tuohy, Aidan ; Wiser, Ryan. / Grand challenges in the science of wind energy. In: Science. 2019.
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title = "Grand challenges in the science of wind energy",
abstract = "Harvested by advanced technical systems honed over decades of research and development, wind energy has become a mainstream energy resource. However, continued innovation is needed to realize the potential of wind to serve global demand for clean energy. Here, we outline three interdependent, cross-disciplinary grand challenges underpinning this research endeavor. The first is the need for a deeper understanding of the physics of atmospheric flow in the critical zone of plant operation. The second involves science and engineering of the largest dynamic, rotating machines in the world. The third encompasses optimization and control of fleets of wind plants working synergistically within the electricity grid. Addressing these challenges could enable wind power to provide as much as half of our global electricity needs.",
author = "Paul Veers and Katherine Dykes and Eric Lantz and Stephan Barth and Bottasso, {Carlo L} and Ola Carlson and Andrew Clifton and Johney Green and Peter Green and Hannele Holttinen and Daniel Laird and Ville Lehtom{\"a}ki and Lundquist, {Julie K.} and James Manwell and Melinda Marquis and Charles Meneveau and Patrick Moriarty and Xabier Munduate and Michael Muskulus and Jonathan Naughton and Lucy Pao and Joshua Paquette and Joachim Peinke and Amy Robertson and {Sanz Rodrigo}, Javier and Sempreviva, {Anna Maria} and Smith, {J. Charles} and Aidan Tuohy and Ryan Wiser",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1126/science.aau2027",
language = "English",
journal = "Science",
issn = "0036-8075",
publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",

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Veers, P, Dykes, K, Lantz, E, Barth, S, Bottasso, CL, Carlson, O, Clifton, A, Green, J, Green, P, Holttinen, H, Laird, D, Lehtomäki, V, Lundquist, JK, Manwell, J, Marquis, M, Meneveau, C, Moriarty, P, Munduate, X, Muskulus, M, Naughton, J, Pao, L, Paquette, J, Peinke, J, Robertson, A, Sanz Rodrigo, J, Sempreviva, AM, Smith, JC, Tuohy, A & Wiser, R 2019, 'Grand challenges in the science of wind energy', Science. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aau2027

Grand challenges in the science of wind energy. / Veers, Paul; Dykes, Katherine; Lantz, Eric; Barth, Stephan; Bottasso, Carlo L; Carlson, Ola; Clifton, Andrew; Green, Johney; Green, Peter; Holttinen, Hannele; Laird, Daniel; Lehtomäki, Ville; Lundquist, Julie K.; Manwell, James; Marquis, Melinda; Meneveau, Charles; Moriarty, Patrick; Munduate, Xabier; Muskulus, Michael; Naughton, Jonathan; Pao, Lucy; Paquette, Joshua; Peinke, Joachim; Robertson, Amy; Sanz Rodrigo, Javier; Sempreviva, Anna Maria; Smith, J. Charles; Tuohy, Aidan; Wiser, Ryan.

In: Science, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Grand challenges in the science of wind energy

AU - Veers, Paul

AU - Dykes, Katherine

AU - Lantz, Eric

AU - Barth, Stephan

AU - Bottasso, Carlo L

AU - Carlson, Ola

AU - Clifton, Andrew

AU - Green, Johney

AU - Green, Peter

AU - Holttinen, Hannele

AU - Laird, Daniel

AU - Lehtomäki, Ville

AU - Lundquist, Julie K.

AU - Manwell, James

AU - Marquis, Melinda

AU - Meneveau, Charles

AU - Moriarty, Patrick

AU - Munduate, Xabier

AU - Muskulus, Michael

AU - Naughton, Jonathan

AU - Pao, Lucy

AU - Paquette, Joshua

AU - Peinke, Joachim

AU - Robertson, Amy

AU - Sanz Rodrigo, Javier

AU - Sempreviva, Anna Maria

AU - Smith, J. Charles

AU - Tuohy, Aidan

AU - Wiser, Ryan

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Harvested by advanced technical systems honed over decades of research and development, wind energy has become a mainstream energy resource. However, continued innovation is needed to realize the potential of wind to serve global demand for clean energy. Here, we outline three interdependent, cross-disciplinary grand challenges underpinning this research endeavor. The first is the need for a deeper understanding of the physics of atmospheric flow in the critical zone of plant operation. The second involves science and engineering of the largest dynamic, rotating machines in the world. The third encompasses optimization and control of fleets of wind plants working synergistically within the electricity grid. Addressing these challenges could enable wind power to provide as much as half of our global electricity needs.

AB - Harvested by advanced technical systems honed over decades of research and development, wind energy has become a mainstream energy resource. However, continued innovation is needed to realize the potential of wind to serve global demand for clean energy. Here, we outline three interdependent, cross-disciplinary grand challenges underpinning this research endeavor. The first is the need for a deeper understanding of the physics of atmospheric flow in the critical zone of plant operation. The second involves science and engineering of the largest dynamic, rotating machines in the world. The third encompasses optimization and control of fleets of wind plants working synergistically within the electricity grid. Addressing these challenges could enable wind power to provide as much as half of our global electricity needs.

U2 - 10.1126/science.aau2027

DO - 10.1126/science.aau2027

M3 - Review

C2 - 31601706

JO - Science

JF - Science

SN - 0036-8075

M1 - eaau2027

ER -

Veers P, Dykes K, Lantz E, Barth S, Bottasso CL, Carlson O et al. Grand challenges in the science of wind energy. Science. 2019. eaau2027. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aau2027