A mathematical program for global optimization of the cable layout of Offshore Wind Farms (OWFs) is presented. The model consists on a Mixed Integer Linear Program (MILP). Modern branch-and-cut solvers are able to solve large-scale instances, defined by more than hundred Wind Turbines (WTs), and a reasonable number of Offshore Substations (OSSs). In addition to the MILP model to optimize total cable length or initial investment, a pre-processing strategy is proposed in order to incorporate total electrical power losses into the objective function. High fidelity models are adapted to calculate cables current capacities, spatial currents. The MILP model is embedded in an iterative algorithmic framework, solving a sequence of problems with increasing search space size. The search space is defined as a set of underlying candidate arcs. The applicability of the method is illustrated through 10 case studies of real-world large-scale wind farms. Results show that: (i) feasible points are obtained in seconds, (ii) points with an imposed maximum tolerance near the global optimum are calculated in a reasonable computational time in the order of hours, and (iii) the proposed method compares favorably against state-of-the-art method available in literature.
- Offshore wind energy
- Collection system layout design
- Global optimization
- Mixed integer linear programming
- Medium voltage submarine cables