Giant nonlinear interaction between two optical beams via a quantum dot embedded in a photonic wire

H.A. Nguyen, T. Grange, B. Reznychenko, I. Yeo, P.L. de Assis, D. Tumanov, F. Fratini, N. S. Malik, E. Dupuy, Niels Gregersen, A. Auffeves, J-M. Gérard, J. Claudon, Jean-Philippe Poizat*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Optical nonlinearities usually appear for large intensities, but discrete transitions allow for giant nonlinearities operating at the single-photon level. This has been demonstrated in the last decade for a single optical mode with cold atomic gases, or single two-level systems coupled to light via a tailored photonic environment. Here, we demonstrate a two-mode giant nonlinearity with a single semiconductor quantum dot (QD) embedded in a photonic wire antenna. We exploit two detuned optical transitions associated with the exciton-biexciton QD level scheme. Owing to the broadband waveguide antenna, the two transitions are efficiently interfaced with two free-space laser beams. The reflection of one laser beam is then controlled by the other beam, with a threshold power as low as 10 photons per exciton lifetime (1.6 nW). Such a two-color nonlinearity opens appealing perspectives for the ealization of ultralow-power logical gates and optical quantum gates, and could also be implemented in an integrated photonic circuit based on planar waveguides.
Original languageEnglish
Article number201106
JournalPhysical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)
Volume97
Number of pages5
ISSN1098-0121
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Cite this

Nguyen, H.A. ; Grange, T. ; Reznychenko, B. ; Yeo, I. ; de Assis, P.L. ; Tumanov, D. ; Fratini, F. ; Malik, N. S. ; Dupuy, E. ; Gregersen, Niels ; Auffeves, A. ; Gérard, J-M. ; Claudon, J. ; Poizat, Jean-Philippe. / Giant nonlinear interaction between two optical beams via a quantum dot embedded in a photonic wire. In: Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics). 2018 ; Vol. 97.
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title = "Giant nonlinear interaction between two optical beams via a quantum dot embedded in a photonic wire",
abstract = "Optical nonlinearities usually appear for large intensities, but discrete transitions allow for giant nonlinearities operating at the single-photon level. This has been demonstrated in the last decade for a single optical mode with cold atomic gases, or single two-level systems coupled to light via a tailored photonic environment. Here, we demonstrate a two-mode giant nonlinearity with a single semiconductor quantum dot (QD) embedded in a photonic wire antenna. We exploit two detuned optical transitions associated with the exciton-biexciton QD level scheme. Owing to the broadband waveguide antenna, the two transitions are efficiently interfaced with two free-space laser beams. The reflection of one laser beam is then controlled by the other beam, with a threshold power as low as 10 photons per exciton lifetime (1.6 nW). Such a two-color nonlinearity opens appealing perspectives for the ealization of ultralow-power logical gates and optical quantum gates, and could also be implemented in an integrated photonic circuit based on planar waveguides.",
author = "H.A. Nguyen and T. Grange and B. Reznychenko and I. Yeo and {de Assis}, P.L. and D. Tumanov and F. Fratini and Malik, {N. S.} and E. Dupuy and Niels Gregersen and A. Auffeves and J-M. G{\'e}rard and J. Claudon and Jean-Philippe Poizat",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevB.97.201106",
language = "English",
volume = "97",
journal = "Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)",
issn = "1098-0121",
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Nguyen, HA, Grange, T, Reznychenko, B, Yeo, I, de Assis, PL, Tumanov, D, Fratini, F, Malik, NS, Dupuy, E, Gregersen, N, Auffeves, A, Gérard, J-M, Claudon, J & Poizat, J-P 2018, 'Giant nonlinear interaction between two optical beams via a quantum dot embedded in a photonic wire', Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics), vol. 97, 201106. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.97.201106

Giant nonlinear interaction between two optical beams via a quantum dot embedded in a photonic wire. / Nguyen, H.A.; Grange, T.; Reznychenko, B.; Yeo, I. ; de Assis, P.L.; Tumanov, D.; Fratini, F.; Malik, N. S.; Dupuy, E.; Gregersen, Niels; Auffeves, A.; Gérard, J-M.; Claudon, J.; Poizat, Jean-Philippe.

In: Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics), Vol. 97, 201106, 2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Giant nonlinear interaction between two optical beams via a quantum dot embedded in a photonic wire

AU - Nguyen, H.A.

AU - Grange, T.

AU - Reznychenko, B.

AU - Yeo, I.

AU - de Assis, P.L.

AU - Tumanov, D.

AU - Fratini, F.

AU - Malik, N. S.

AU - Dupuy, E.

AU - Gregersen, Niels

AU - Auffeves, A.

AU - Gérard, J-M.

AU - Claudon, J.

AU - Poizat, Jean-Philippe

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Optical nonlinearities usually appear for large intensities, but discrete transitions allow for giant nonlinearities operating at the single-photon level. This has been demonstrated in the last decade for a single optical mode with cold atomic gases, or single two-level systems coupled to light via a tailored photonic environment. Here, we demonstrate a two-mode giant nonlinearity with a single semiconductor quantum dot (QD) embedded in a photonic wire antenna. We exploit two detuned optical transitions associated with the exciton-biexciton QD level scheme. Owing to the broadband waveguide antenna, the two transitions are efficiently interfaced with two free-space laser beams. The reflection of one laser beam is then controlled by the other beam, with a threshold power as low as 10 photons per exciton lifetime (1.6 nW). Such a two-color nonlinearity opens appealing perspectives for the ealization of ultralow-power logical gates and optical quantum gates, and could also be implemented in an integrated photonic circuit based on planar waveguides.

AB - Optical nonlinearities usually appear for large intensities, but discrete transitions allow for giant nonlinearities operating at the single-photon level. This has been demonstrated in the last decade for a single optical mode with cold atomic gases, or single two-level systems coupled to light via a tailored photonic environment. Here, we demonstrate a two-mode giant nonlinearity with a single semiconductor quantum dot (QD) embedded in a photonic wire antenna. We exploit two detuned optical transitions associated with the exciton-biexciton QD level scheme. Owing to the broadband waveguide antenna, the two transitions are efficiently interfaced with two free-space laser beams. The reflection of one laser beam is then controlled by the other beam, with a threshold power as low as 10 photons per exciton lifetime (1.6 nW). Such a two-color nonlinearity opens appealing perspectives for the ealization of ultralow-power logical gates and optical quantum gates, and could also be implemented in an integrated photonic circuit based on planar waveguides.

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevB.97.201106

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevB.97.201106

M3 - Journal article

VL - 97

JO - Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)

JF - Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)

SN - 1098-0121

M1 - 201106

ER -