GEROS-ISS: GNSS REflectometry, Radio Occultation and Scatterometry onboard the International Space Station

Jens Wickert, Estel Cardellach, Jorge Bandeiras, Laurent Bertino, Ole Baltazar Andersen, Adriano Camps, Nuno Catarino, Bertrand Chapron, Fran Fabra, Nicolas Floury, Per Høeg

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    943 Downloads (Pure)


    GEROS-ISS stands for GNSS REflectometry, radio occultation, and scatterometry onboard the International Space Station (ISS). It is a scientific experiment, successfully proposed to the European Space Agency in 2011. The experiment as the name indicates will be conducted on the ISS. The main focus of GEROS-ISS is the dedicated use of signals from the currently available Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) in L-band for remote sensing of the Earth with a focus to study climate change. Prime mission objectives are the determination of the altimetric sea surface height of the oceans and of the ocean surface mean square slope, which is related to sea roughness and wind speed. These geophysical parameters are derived using reflected GNSS signals (GNSS reflectometry, GNSS-R). Secondary mission goals include atmosphere/ionosphere sounding using refracted GNSS signals (radio occultation, GNSS-RO) and remote sensing of land surfaces using GNSS-R. The GEROS-ISS mission objectives and its design, the current status, and ongoing activities are reviewed and selected scientific and technical results of the GEROS-ISS preparation phase are described.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalI E E E Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing
    Issue number10
    Pages (from-to)4552-4581
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Bibliographical note

    For full list of authors, see the publication


    • GNSS Reflectometry
    • Mean Sea Level
    • Mesoscale Ocean Currents
    • GNSS Radio Occultation
    • International Space Station


    Dive into the research topics of 'GEROS-ISS: GNSS REflectometry, Radio Occultation and Scatterometry onboard the International Space Station'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this