Geometry of turbulent dissipation and the Navier–Stokes regularity problem

Janet Rafner, Zoran Grujić, Christian Bach, Jakob Andreas Bærentzen, Bo Groht Gervang, Ruo Jia, Scott Leinweber, Marek Krzysztof Misztal, Jacob Sherson*

*Corresponding author for this work

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The question of whether a singularity can form in an initially regular flow, described by the 3D incompressible Navier–Stokes (NS) equations, is a fundamental problem in mathematical physics. The NS regularity problem is super-critical, i.e., there is a ‘scaling gap’ between what can be established by mathematical analysis and what is needed to rule out a singularity. A recently introduced mathematical framework—based on a suitably defined ‘scale of sparseness’ of the regions of intense vorticity—brought the first scaling reduction of the NS super-criticality since the 1960s. Here, we put this framework to the first numerical test using a spatially highly resolved computational simulation performed near a ‘burst’ of the vorticity magnitude. The results confirm that the scale is well suited to detect the onset of dissipation and provide numerical evidence that ongoing mathematical efforts may succeed in closing the scaling gap.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8824
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2021


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