Geographic and socioeconomic diversity of food and nutrient intakes: a comparison of four European countries

Elly Mertens*, Anneleen Kuijsten, Marcela Dofková, Lorenza Mistura, Laura D'Addezio, Aida Turrini, Carine Dubuisson, Sandra Favret, Sabrina Havard, Ellen Trolle, Pieter Van't Veer, Johanna M Geleijnse

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Purpose Public health policies and actions increasingly acknowledge the climate burden of food consumption. The aim ofthis study is to describe dietary intakes across four European countries, as baseline for further research towards healthierand environmentally-friendlier diets for Europe.Methods Individual-level dietary intake data in adults were obtained from nationally-representative surveys from Denmarkand France using a 7-day diet record, Italy using a 3-day diet record, and Czech Republic using two replicates of a 24-h recall.Energy-standardised food and nutrient intakes were calculated for each subject from the mean of two randomly selected days. Results There was clear geographical variability, with a between-country range for mean fruit intake from 118 to 199 g/day,for vegetables from 95 to 239 g/day, for fish from 12 to 45 g/day, for dairy from 129 to 302 g/day, for sweet beverages from48 to 224 ml/day, and for alcohol from 8 to 15 g/day, with higher intakes in Italy for fruit, vegetables and fish, and in Denmarkfor dairy, sweet beverages and alcohol. In all countries, intakes were low for legumes (<20 g/day), and nuts and seeds(<5 g/day), but high for red and processed meat (>80 g/day). Within countries, food intakes also varied by socio-economicfactors such as age, gender, and educational level, but less pronounced by anthropometric factors such as overweight status.For nutrients, intakes were low for dietary fibre (15.8–19.4 g/day) and vitamin D (2.4–3.0 µg/day) in all countries, for potassium(2288–2938 mg/day) and magnesium (268–285 mg/day) except in Denmark, for vitamin E in Denmark (6.7 mg/day),and for folate in Czech Republic (212 µg/day). Conclusions There is considerable variation in food and nutrient intakes across Europe, not only between, but also withincountries. Individual-level dietary data provide insight into the heterogeneity of dietary habits beyond per capita food supplydata, and this is crucial to balancing healthy and environmentally-friendly diets for European citizens.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Number of pages19
ISSN1436-6207
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Dietary guidelines
  • Europe
  • Foods
  • Nutrients
  • SUSFANS

Cite this

Mertens, Elly ; Kuijsten, Anneleen ; Dofková, Marcela ; Mistura, Lorenza ; D'Addezio, Laura ; Turrini, Aida ; Dubuisson, Carine ; Favret, Sandra ; Havard, Sabrina ; Trolle, Ellen ; Van't Veer, Pieter ; Geleijnse, Johanna M. / Geographic and socioeconomic diversity of food and nutrient intakes: a comparison of four European countries. In: European Journal of Nutrition. 2018.
@article{b76869c7bff3490b9adf8fab0ba037e4,
title = "Geographic and socioeconomic diversity of food and nutrient intakes: a comparison of four European countries",
abstract = "Purpose Public health policies and actions increasingly acknowledge the climate burden of food consumption. The aim ofthis study is to describe dietary intakes across four European countries, as baseline for further research towards healthierand environmentally-friendlier diets for Europe.Methods Individual-level dietary intake data in adults were obtained from nationally-representative surveys from Denmarkand France using a 7-day diet record, Italy using a 3-day diet record, and Czech Republic using two replicates of a 24-h recall.Energy-standardised food and nutrient intakes were calculated for each subject from the mean of two randomly selected days. Results There was clear geographical variability, with a between-country range for mean fruit intake from 118 to 199 g/day,for vegetables from 95 to 239 g/day, for fish from 12 to 45 g/day, for dairy from 129 to 302 g/day, for sweet beverages from48 to 224 ml/day, and for alcohol from 8 to 15 g/day, with higher intakes in Italy for fruit, vegetables and fish, and in Denmarkfor dairy, sweet beverages and alcohol. In all countries, intakes were low for legumes (<20 g/day), and nuts and seeds(<5 g/day), but high for red and processed meat (>80 g/day). Within countries, food intakes also varied by socio-economicfactors such as age, gender, and educational level, but less pronounced by anthropometric factors such as overweight status.For nutrients, intakes were low for dietary fibre (15.8–19.4 g/day) and vitamin D (2.4–3.0 µg/day) in all countries, for potassium(2288–2938 mg/day) and magnesium (268–285 mg/day) except in Denmark, for vitamin E in Denmark (6.7 mg/day),and for folate in Czech Republic (212 µg/day). Conclusions There is considerable variation in food and nutrient intakes across Europe, not only between, but also withincountries. Individual-level dietary data provide insight into the heterogeneity of dietary habits beyond per capita food supplydata, and this is crucial to balancing healthy and environmentally-friendly diets for European citizens.",
keywords = "Diet, Dietary guidelines, Europe, Foods, Nutrients, SUSFANS",
author = "Elly Mertens and Anneleen Kuijsten and Marcela Dofkov{\'a} and Lorenza Mistura and Laura D'Addezio and Aida Turrini and Carine Dubuisson and Sandra Favret and Sabrina Havard and Ellen Trolle and {Van't Veer}, Pieter and Geleijnse, {Johanna M}",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1007/s00394-018-1673-6",
language = "English",
journal = "European Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "1436-6207",
publisher = "Springer Medizin",

}

Mertens, E, Kuijsten, A, Dofková, M, Mistura, L, D'Addezio, L, Turrini, A, Dubuisson, C, Favret, S, Havard, S, Trolle, E, Van't Veer, P & Geleijnse, JM 2018, 'Geographic and socioeconomic diversity of food and nutrient intakes: a comparison of four European countries', European Journal of Nutrition. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-018-1673-6

Geographic and socioeconomic diversity of food and nutrient intakes: a comparison of four European countries. / Mertens, Elly; Kuijsten, Anneleen; Dofková, Marcela; Mistura, Lorenza; D'Addezio, Laura; Turrini, Aida; Dubuisson, Carine; Favret, Sandra; Havard, Sabrina; Trolle, Ellen; Van't Veer, Pieter; Geleijnse, Johanna M.

In: European Journal of Nutrition, 2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Geographic and socioeconomic diversity of food and nutrient intakes: a comparison of four European countries

AU - Mertens, Elly

AU - Kuijsten, Anneleen

AU - Dofková, Marcela

AU - Mistura, Lorenza

AU - D'Addezio, Laura

AU - Turrini, Aida

AU - Dubuisson, Carine

AU - Favret, Sandra

AU - Havard, Sabrina

AU - Trolle, Ellen

AU - Van't Veer, Pieter

AU - Geleijnse, Johanna M

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Purpose Public health policies and actions increasingly acknowledge the climate burden of food consumption. The aim ofthis study is to describe dietary intakes across four European countries, as baseline for further research towards healthierand environmentally-friendlier diets for Europe.Methods Individual-level dietary intake data in adults were obtained from nationally-representative surveys from Denmarkand France using a 7-day diet record, Italy using a 3-day diet record, and Czech Republic using two replicates of a 24-h recall.Energy-standardised food and nutrient intakes were calculated for each subject from the mean of two randomly selected days. Results There was clear geographical variability, with a between-country range for mean fruit intake from 118 to 199 g/day,for vegetables from 95 to 239 g/day, for fish from 12 to 45 g/day, for dairy from 129 to 302 g/day, for sweet beverages from48 to 224 ml/day, and for alcohol from 8 to 15 g/day, with higher intakes in Italy for fruit, vegetables and fish, and in Denmarkfor dairy, sweet beverages and alcohol. In all countries, intakes were low for legumes (<20 g/day), and nuts and seeds(<5 g/day), but high for red and processed meat (>80 g/day). Within countries, food intakes also varied by socio-economicfactors such as age, gender, and educational level, but less pronounced by anthropometric factors such as overweight status.For nutrients, intakes were low for dietary fibre (15.8–19.4 g/day) and vitamin D (2.4–3.0 µg/day) in all countries, for potassium(2288–2938 mg/day) and magnesium (268–285 mg/day) except in Denmark, for vitamin E in Denmark (6.7 mg/day),and for folate in Czech Republic (212 µg/day). Conclusions There is considerable variation in food and nutrient intakes across Europe, not only between, but also withincountries. Individual-level dietary data provide insight into the heterogeneity of dietary habits beyond per capita food supplydata, and this is crucial to balancing healthy and environmentally-friendly diets for European citizens.

AB - Purpose Public health policies and actions increasingly acknowledge the climate burden of food consumption. The aim ofthis study is to describe dietary intakes across four European countries, as baseline for further research towards healthierand environmentally-friendlier diets for Europe.Methods Individual-level dietary intake data in adults were obtained from nationally-representative surveys from Denmarkand France using a 7-day diet record, Italy using a 3-day diet record, and Czech Republic using two replicates of a 24-h recall.Energy-standardised food and nutrient intakes were calculated for each subject from the mean of two randomly selected days. Results There was clear geographical variability, with a between-country range for mean fruit intake from 118 to 199 g/day,for vegetables from 95 to 239 g/day, for fish from 12 to 45 g/day, for dairy from 129 to 302 g/day, for sweet beverages from48 to 224 ml/day, and for alcohol from 8 to 15 g/day, with higher intakes in Italy for fruit, vegetables and fish, and in Denmarkfor dairy, sweet beverages and alcohol. In all countries, intakes were low for legumes (<20 g/day), and nuts and seeds(<5 g/day), but high for red and processed meat (>80 g/day). Within countries, food intakes also varied by socio-economicfactors such as age, gender, and educational level, but less pronounced by anthropometric factors such as overweight status.For nutrients, intakes were low for dietary fibre (15.8–19.4 g/day) and vitamin D (2.4–3.0 µg/day) in all countries, for potassium(2288–2938 mg/day) and magnesium (268–285 mg/day) except in Denmark, for vitamin E in Denmark (6.7 mg/day),and for folate in Czech Republic (212 µg/day). Conclusions There is considerable variation in food and nutrient intakes across Europe, not only between, but also withincountries. Individual-level dietary data provide insight into the heterogeneity of dietary habits beyond per capita food supplydata, and this is crucial to balancing healthy and environmentally-friendly diets for European citizens.

KW - Diet

KW - Dietary guidelines

KW - Europe

KW - Foods

KW - Nutrients

KW - SUSFANS

U2 - 10.1007/s00394-018-1673-6

DO - 10.1007/s00394-018-1673-6

M3 - Journal article

JO - European Journal of Nutrition

JF - European Journal of Nutrition

SN - 1436-6207

ER -