Genotyping of Campylobacter jejuni strains from Danish broiler chickens by restriction fragment length polymorphism of the LPS gene cluster

K.N. Knudsen, Dang Duong Bang, E.M. Nielsen, Mogens Madsen

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    Abstract

    Aims: To apply and evaluate LG (LPS genes) genotyping, which is a genotyping method based on a cluster of genes involved in the synthesis of surface lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in Campylobacter species, for typing of Campylobacter jejuni isolates obtained from Danish broiler chickens. Furthermore, the LG genotyping method was used to study the genetic stability of four C. jejuni strains after gastrointestinal passage through experimentally infected chickens. Methods and Results: In the present study, the LG genotyping method was modified with respect to the restriction enzymes used. To validate the method, 63 Penner serotype reference strains and 107 C. jejuni chicken isolates, representing the most common Penner serotypes of C. jejuni in Danish poultry, were selected for typing. The method was successfully used for typing all isolates and the LG genotype profiles were reproducible. There were no changes in the LG genotype of the C. jejuni strains obtained after experimental passage through chickens. Concusions: All C. jejuni strains obtained from broiler chickens were typeable by the LG genotyping method. Application of the RsaI restriction enzyme improved the method in terms of ease and consistency of analyses and increase of discriminatory power. Significance and Impact of the Study: The LG genotyping method is a valuable tool for typing C. jejuni isolates obtained from poultry. However, the association between Penner serotyping based on passive haemagglutination of heat-stable antigens and LG genotyping was low when applied to poultry isolates. This is in contrast to previous studies on isolates of human origin that reported a high correlation between results obtained by the two typing methods.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Applied Microbiology
    Volume99
    Issue number2
    Pages (from-to)392-399
    ISSN1364-5072
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

    Keywords

    • broiler chickens
    • lipopolysaccharide genes
    • Campylobacter jejuni
    • genotyping

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