Generator dynamics in aeroelastic analysis and simulations

Torben J. Larsen, Morten Hartvig Hansen, F. Iov

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    This report contains a description of a dynamic model for a doubly-fed induction generator. The model has physical input parameters (voltage, resistance, reactance etc.) and can be used to calculate rotor and stator currents, hence active and reactivepower. A perturbation method has been used to reduce the original generator model equations to a set of equations which can be solved with the same time steps as a typical aeroelastic code. The method is used to separate the fast transients of the modelfrom the slow variations and deduce a reduced order expression for the slow part. Dynamic effects of the first order terms in the model as well as the influence on drive train eigenfrequencies and damping has been investigated. Load response during timesimulation of wind turbine response have been compared to simulations with a traditional static generator model based entirely on the slip angle. A 2 MW turbine has been modelled in the aeroelastic code HAWC. When using the new dynamic generator modelthere is an interesting coupling between the generator dynamics and a global turbine vibration mode at 4.5 Hz, which only occurs when a dynamic formulation of the generator equations is applied. This frequency can especially be seen in the electricalpower of the generator and the rotational speed of the generator, but also as torque variations in the drive train.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages45
    ISBN (Print)87-550-3188-9
    Publication statusPublished - 2003
    SeriesDenmark. Forskningscenter Risoe. Risoe-R


    • Risø-R-1395
    • Risø-R-1395(EN)

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