Generative Temporal Modelling of Neuroimaging - Decomposition and Nonparametric Testing

Ditte Høvenhoff Hald

Research output: Book/ReportPh.D. thesisResearch

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Abstract

The goal of this thesis is to explore two improvements for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) analysis; namely our proposed decomposition method and an extension to the non-parametric testing framework. Analysis of fMRI allows researchers to investigate the functional processes of the brain, and provides insight into neuronal coupling during mental processes or tasks.

The decomposition method is a Gaussian process-based independent components analysis (GPICA), which incorporates a temporal dependency in the sources. A hierarchical model specification is used, featuring both instantaneous and convolutive mixing, and the inferred temporal patterns. Spatial maps are seen to capture smooth and localized stimuli-related components, and often identifiable noise components. The implementation is freely available as a GUI/SPM plugin, and we recommend using GPICA as an additional tool when performing ICA on fMRI data to investigate the effect of the temporal source prior.

In fMRI, statistical tests are used to investigate the significance of activation in specific brain regions. By extending the non-parametric testing framework to incorporate functional prior knowledge, an increase in sensitivity can be achieved, entailing better evaluations and conclusions. The functional prior knowledge is incorporated by use of a proposed Graph-Based Cluster Permutation Test (GBCPT), entailing the possibility to expand the use of cluster permutations to multiple applications, wherever a graph-based setup can be used.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationKgs. Lyngby
PublisherTechnical University of Denmark
Number of pages111
Publication statusPublished - 2017
SeriesDTU Compute PHD-2016
Number417
ISSN0909-3192

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Cite this

Hald, D. H. (2017). Generative Temporal Modelling of Neuroimaging - Decomposition and Nonparametric Testing. Technical University of Denmark. DTU Compute PHD-2016, No. 417