Generation and Photonic Guidance of Multi-Octave Optical-Frequency Combs

F. Couny, F. Benabid, John Roberts, P.S. Light, M.G. Raymer

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Ultrabroad coherent comb-like optical spectra spanning several octaves are a chief ingredient in the emerging field of attoscience. We demonstrate generation and guidance of a three-octave spectral comb, spanning wavelengths from 325 to 2300 nanometers, in a hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber. The waveguidance results not from a photonic band gap but from the inhibited coupling between the core and cladding modes. The spectrum consists of up to 45 high-order Stokes and anti-Stokes lines and is generated by driving the confined gas with a single, moderately powerful (10-kilowatt) infrared laser, producing 12-nanosecond-duration pulses. This represents a reduction by six orders of magnitude in the required laser powers over previous equivalent techniques and opens up a robust and much simplified route to synthesizing attosecond pulses.
Original languageEnglish
JournalScience
Volume318
Issue number 5853
Pages (from-to)1118-1121
ISSN0036-8075
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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