Heat pumps (HPs) and their individual components experience a significant share of operation away from the design point, due to both sink and source temperature variations as well as operation at part load. In the present study, we expand a generalized HP COP estimation for design conditions to include the performance of conditions within the typical limits for the operating range. The estimation was compared to results based on detailed thermodynamic models of two representative HP installations, of different size and design temperatures. The considered configurations include a 14 kW R134a one-stage cycle and an 800 kW two-stage ammonia heat pump. Based on the design point COP estimation, and five linearized off-design contributions, the performance estimation of COP showed a maximum deviation of 8 %.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of the 25th IIR International Congress of Refrigeration|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publisher||International Institute of Refrigeration|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
|Event||25th IIR International Congress of Refrigeration (ICR 2019) - Montréal , Canada|
Duration: 24 Aug 2019 → 30 Aug 2019
|Conference||25th IIR International Congress of Refrigeration (ICR 2019)|
|Period||24/08/2019 → 30/08/2019|
Bibliographical noteCopyright © IIF/IIR.
Published with the authorization of the International Institute of Refrigeration (IIR): www.iifiir.org
- Heat pumps
- COP estimation
- Performance modelling