General magnetostatic shape–shape interaction forces and torques

M. De Graef, Marco Beleggia

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Expressions for the magnetostatic interaction force and torque between two magnetic objects of arbitrary shape are derived within the shape amplitude formalism. A generalized force is derived as the gradient of the magnetometric tensor field, which is the convolution of the cross-correlation of the object shapes with the dipolar tensor field. Expressions for the mechanical and magnetic torques are also derived in terms of the magnetometric tensor field. Expressions suitable for numerical evaluation are given as finite Fourier summations. Example computations are given for the interactions between pairs of uniformly magnetized spheres (for which analytical results are compared to numerical results), cubes, octahedra, tetrahedra, and cuboctahedra. The accuracy of the derived numerical relations for energy, force, and torques is of the order of 0.1% for object spacings smaller than the object dimensions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Issue number15
Pages (from-to)L45-L51
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Magnetostatic interaction force
  • Shape amplitude
  • Magnetic torque


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