Gel Electrolytes of Covalent Network Polybenzimidazole and Phosphoric Acid by Direct Casting

Andreas Kirkebæk, David Aili, Dirk Henkensmeier, Jens Oluf Jensen, Qingfeng Li

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Abstract

Polybenzimidazole membranes imbibed with phosphoric acid can support high proton conductivity at 120–200 °C, and have therefore emerged as the state-of-the-art electrolytes for fuel cells operating in this temperature range. This work presents a novel and operationally simple methodology for preparing mechanically robust covalent network polybenzimidazole membranes containing up to 95 wt% phosphoric acid. Diamino-terminal pre-polymers of different chain lengths are first prepared, followed by addition of a trifunctional carboxylic acid. The crude solutions are cast and subsequently heat treated at up to 230 °C, yielding free-standing membranes of networked polybenzimidazole with high proton conductivity at up to 180 °C and encouraging fuel cell performance
Original languageEnglish
Article number1700347
JournalMacromolecular Materials and Engineering
Volume302
Issue number12
Number of pages7
ISSN1438-7492
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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