Gastric emptying in rats following administration of a range of different fats measured as acetaminophen concentration in plasma

Trine Porsgaard, Ellen Marie Straarup, Carl-Erik Høy

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Aim: To investigate the gastric emptying upon administration of ten different fats in order to determine whether major differences in fatty acid profiles resulted in differences in gastric emptying. Methods: Gastric emptying was measured as the appearance of acetaminophen in plasma which represents an indirect measure of gastric emptying. Emulsified fats with added acetaminophen were fed by gavage to rats, and the plasma concentration of acetaminophen was followed for 3 h by repeated blood sampling from the carotid artery. The fats administered included rapeseed, corn, and fish oils, lard, and cocoa butter as well as different structured lipids containing decanoic acid (10:0) and long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids of marine origin. Overall, these fats had wide variations in fatty acid compositions and triacylglycerol structures. Results: No statistically significant differences were observed in gastric emptying between the groups fed the different fats, except for the emptying of tridecanoin (tri-10:0) that was statistically significantly slower than that of randomized oil, cocoa butter, and rapeseed oil (p <0.05). The slower emptying of tri-10:0 could be caused by a lower caloric intake of this fat as compared with the other fats, because similar weights of fat were administered. Conclusion: The gastric emptying of fat was not influenced by fatty acid composition and triacylglycerol structure of the fats administered.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalAnnals of Nutrition and Metabolism
    Volume47
    Issue number3-4
    Pages (from-to)132-138
    ISSN0250-6807
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

    Cite this

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    title = "Gastric emptying in rats following administration of a range of different fats measured as acetaminophen concentration in plasma",
    abstract = "Aim: To investigate the gastric emptying upon administration of ten different fats in order to determine whether major differences in fatty acid profiles resulted in differences in gastric emptying. Methods: Gastric emptying was measured as the appearance of acetaminophen in plasma which represents an indirect measure of gastric emptying. Emulsified fats with added acetaminophen were fed by gavage to rats, and the plasma concentration of acetaminophen was followed for 3 h by repeated blood sampling from the carotid artery. The fats administered included rapeseed, corn, and fish oils, lard, and cocoa butter as well as different structured lipids containing decanoic acid (10:0) and long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids of marine origin. Overall, these fats had wide variations in fatty acid compositions and triacylglycerol structures. Results: No statistically significant differences were observed in gastric emptying between the groups fed the different fats, except for the emptying of tridecanoin (tri-10:0) that was statistically significantly slower than that of randomized oil, cocoa butter, and rapeseed oil (p <0.05). The slower emptying of tri-10:0 could be caused by a lower caloric intake of this fat as compared with the other fats, because similar weights of fat were administered. Conclusion: The gastric emptying of fat was not influenced by fatty acid composition and triacylglycerol structure of the fats administered.",
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    author = "Trine Porsgaard and Straarup, {Ellen Marie} and Carl-Erik H{\o}y",
    year = "2003",
    language = "English",
    volume = "47",
    pages = "132--138",
    journal = "Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism",
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    Gastric emptying in rats following administration of a range of different fats measured as acetaminophen concentration in plasma. / Porsgaard, Trine; Straarup, Ellen Marie; Høy, Carl-Erik.

    In: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, Vol. 47, No. 3-4, 2003, p. 132-138.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Gastric emptying in rats following administration of a range of different fats measured as acetaminophen concentration in plasma

    AU - Porsgaard, Trine

    AU - Straarup, Ellen Marie

    AU - Høy, Carl-Erik

    PY - 2003

    Y1 - 2003

    N2 - Aim: To investigate the gastric emptying upon administration of ten different fats in order to determine whether major differences in fatty acid profiles resulted in differences in gastric emptying. Methods: Gastric emptying was measured as the appearance of acetaminophen in plasma which represents an indirect measure of gastric emptying. Emulsified fats with added acetaminophen were fed by gavage to rats, and the plasma concentration of acetaminophen was followed for 3 h by repeated blood sampling from the carotid artery. The fats administered included rapeseed, corn, and fish oils, lard, and cocoa butter as well as different structured lipids containing decanoic acid (10:0) and long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids of marine origin. Overall, these fats had wide variations in fatty acid compositions and triacylglycerol structures. Results: No statistically significant differences were observed in gastric emptying between the groups fed the different fats, except for the emptying of tridecanoin (tri-10:0) that was statistically significantly slower than that of randomized oil, cocoa butter, and rapeseed oil (p <0.05). The slower emptying of tri-10:0 could be caused by a lower caloric intake of this fat as compared with the other fats, because similar weights of fat were administered. Conclusion: The gastric emptying of fat was not influenced by fatty acid composition and triacylglycerol structure of the fats administered.

    AB - Aim: To investigate the gastric emptying upon administration of ten different fats in order to determine whether major differences in fatty acid profiles resulted in differences in gastric emptying. Methods: Gastric emptying was measured as the appearance of acetaminophen in plasma which represents an indirect measure of gastric emptying. Emulsified fats with added acetaminophen were fed by gavage to rats, and the plasma concentration of acetaminophen was followed for 3 h by repeated blood sampling from the carotid artery. The fats administered included rapeseed, corn, and fish oils, lard, and cocoa butter as well as different structured lipids containing decanoic acid (10:0) and long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids of marine origin. Overall, these fats had wide variations in fatty acid compositions and triacylglycerol structures. Results: No statistically significant differences were observed in gastric emptying between the groups fed the different fats, except for the emptying of tridecanoin (tri-10:0) that was statistically significantly slower than that of randomized oil, cocoa butter, and rapeseed oil (p <0.05). The slower emptying of tri-10:0 could be caused by a lower caloric intake of this fat as compared with the other fats, because similar weights of fat were administered. Conclusion: The gastric emptying of fat was not influenced by fatty acid composition and triacylglycerol structure of the fats administered.

    KW - methods

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 47

    SP - 132

    EP - 138

    JO - Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism

    JF - Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism

    SN - 0250-6807

    IS - 3-4

    ER -