Gap Width Study and Fixture Design in Laser Butt-Welding

Hui Gong, Flemming Ove Olsen

    Research output: Book/ReportBookResearchpeer-review


    This paper discusses some practical consideration for design of a mechanical fixture, which enables to accurately measure the width of a gap between two stainless steel workpieces and to steadfastly clamp the workpieces for butt-welding with a high power CO2 laser.With such a fixture, a series of butt-welding experiment is successfully carried out in order to find the maximum allowable gap width in laser butt-welding. The gap width study (GWS) is performed on the material of SST of W1.4401 (AISI 316) under various welding conditions, which are the gap width : 0.00-0.50 mm, the welding speed : 0.5-2.0 m/min, the laser power : 2 and 2.6 kW and the focal point position : 0 and -1.2 mm. Quality of all the butt welds are destructively tested according to ISO 13919-1.Influences of the variable process parameters to the maximum allowable gap width are observed as (1) the maximum gap width is inversely related to the welding speed, (2) the larger laser power leads to the bigger maximum allowable gap width and (3) the focal point position has very little influence on the maximum gap width.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationLappeenranta, Finland
    PublisherActa Universitatis Lappeenrantaensis
    Publication statusPublished - 1999
    Event7th Nordic Laser Materials Processing Conference - Lappeenranta, Finland
    Duration: 1 Jan 1999 → …


    Conference7th Nordic Laser Materials Processing Conference
    CityLappeenranta, Finland
    Period01/01/1999 → …

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