Functionally Graded Ceramics Fabricated with Side-by-Side Tape Casting for Use in Magnetic Refrigeration

Regina Bulatova, Christian Bahl, Kjeld Bøhm Andersen, Luise Theil Kuhn, Nini Pryds

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Functionally graded ceramic tapes have been fabricated by a side-by-side tape casting technique. This study shows the possibility and describes the main principles of adjacent coflow of slurries resulting in formation of thin plates of graded ceramic material. Results showed that the small variations of solvent and binder system concentrations have a substantial effect on slurry viscosity. Varying these parameters showed that side-by-side tape casting with a well-defined interface area is possible for slurries with viscosities above 3500 mPa s at a casting shear rate of 3.3 s -1. As it was expected, the choice of de-bindering and sintering regimes significantly influences crack formation, and a three-step heating programme was found to result in tapes of the highest quality. The interface regions of green graded tapes were investigated structurally by scanning electron microscopy; for a distinct identification of the interface region and analysing the degree of cross-interface diffusion, the isothermal entropy change was measured by a vibrating sample magnetometer as the magnetic transition temperature (Curie temperature) is very sensitive to the dopant level in ceramics. Also the purpose of developing this graded ceramic tape casting was applications of these specific magnetocaloric properties within the magnetic refrigeration technology.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)891–898
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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