Functionalization of Poly- (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) as a substrate for DNA microarrays

A.F. Fixe, Hans Martin Dufva, Pieter Telleman, Claus Bo Vöge Christensen

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    A chemical procedure was developed to functionalize poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) substrates. PMMA is reacted with hexamethylene diamine to yield an aminated surface for immobilizing DNA in microarrays. The density of primary NH2 groups was 0.29 nmol/cm(2). The availability of these primary amines was confirmed by the immobilization of DNA probes and hybridization with a complementary DNA strand. The hybridization signal and the hybridization efficiency of the chemically aminated PMMA slides were comparable to the hybridization signal and the hybridization efficiency obtained from differently chemically modified PMMA slides, silanized glass, commercial silylated glass and commercial plastic Euray(TM) slides. Immobilized and hybridized densities of 10 and 0.75 pmol/cm(2), respectively, were observed for microarrays on chemically aminated PMMA. The immobilized probes were heat stable since the hybridization performance of microarrays subjected to 20 PCR heat cycles was only reduced by 4%. In conclusion, this new strategy to modify PMMA provides a robust procedure to immobilize DNA, which is a very useful substrate for fabricating single use diagnostics devices with integrated functions, like sample preparation, treatment and detection using microfabrication and microelectronic techniques.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalNucleic Acids Research
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)e9
    Publication statusPublished - 2004

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