Frost damage of concrete subject to confinement

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Abstract

When internal frost damage is observed in real concrete structures, the usual pattern is cracks with a preferred orientation parallel to the exposed surface. When exposing concrete with poor frost resistance to a standardised freeze/thaw test in the laboratory, the orientations of the resulting cracks are more or less random. The present study is an experimental study, which aims at investigating the influence of confinement during freeze/thaw action on the developed crack pattern. Confinement is established by mounting hose clamps on cylindrical test specimens, using similar test specimens without hose clamps as reference. The results show that confinement can change the outcome of a freeze/thaw test as regards extent of internal cracking, crack orientations, and amount of surface scaling. Thus it seems likely that the difference in confinement (and therefore also in stress state) can explain the different crack patterns observed in the field and in the laboratory.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the International RILEM Conference Materials, Systems and Structures in Civil Engineering 2016 : Segment on Frost Action in Concrete
PublisherRilem publications
Publication date2016
Pages41-49
ISBN (Print)78-2-35158-182-7
ISBN (Electronic)978-2-35158-183-4
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventInternational RILEM Conference on Materials, Systems and Structures in Civil Engineering - Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
Duration: 15 Aug 201629 Aug 2016

Conference

ConferenceInternational RILEM Conference on Materials, Systems and Structures in Civil Engineering
LocationTechnical University of Denmark
CountryDenmark
CityKgs. Lyngby
Period15/08/201629/08/2016

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