From environmental signals to regulators: Modulation of biofilm development in Gram-positive bacteria

Eisha Mhatre, Ramses Gallegos Monterrosa, Ákos T. Kovács*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Bacterial lifestyle is influenced by environmental signals, and many differentiation processes in bacteria are governed by the threshold concentrations of molecules present in their niche. Biofilm is one such example where bacteria in their sessile state adapt to a lifestyle that causes several adaptive alterations in the population. Here, a brief overview is given on a variety of environmental signals that bias biofilm development in Gram-positive bacteria, including nutrient conditions, self- and heterologously produced substances, like quorum sensing and host produced molecules. The Gram-positive model organism, Bacillus subtilis is a superb example to illustrate how distinct signals activate sensor proteins that integrate the environmental signals towards global regulators related to biofilm formation. The role of reduced oxygen level, polyketides, antimicrobials, plant secreted carbohydrates, plant cell derived polymers, glycerol, and osmotic conditions are discussed during the transcriptional activation of biofilm related genes in B. subtilis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Basic Microbiology
Volume54
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)616-632
ISSN0233-111X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bacillus subtilis
  • Biofilm
  • Gram-positive bacteria
  • Kinases
  • Signaling

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