Frequent mechanical stress suppresses proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells from human bone marrow without loss of multipotency

Viktoria Frank, Stefan H. E. Kaufmann, Rebecca Wright, Patrick Horn, Hiroshi Y. Yoshikawa, Patrick Wuchter, Peter Jeppe Madsen, Andrew L. Lewis, Steven P. Armes, Anthony D. Ho, Motomu Tanaka*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Mounting evidence indicated that human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are responsive not only to biochemical but also to physical cues, such as substrate topography and stiffness. To simulate the dynamic structures of extracellular environments of the marrow in vivo, we designed a novel surrogate substrate for marrow derived hMSCs based on physically cross-linked hydrogels whose elasticity can be adopted dynamically by chemical stimuli. Under frequent mechanical stress, hMSCs grown on our hydrogel substrates maintain the expression of STRO-1 over 20 d, irrespective of the substrate elasticity. On exposure to the corresponding induction media, these cultured hMSCs can undergo adipogenesis and osteogenesis without requiring cell transfer onto other substrates. Moreover, we demonstrated that our surrogate substrate suppresses the proliferation of hMSCs by up to 90% without any loss of multiple lineage potential by changing the substrate elasticity every 2nd days. Such "dynamic in vitro niche" can be used not only for a better understanding of the role of dynamic mechanical stresses on the fate of hMSCs but also for the synchronized differentiation of adult stem cells to a specific lineage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number24264
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
Number of pages12
ISSN2045-2322
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

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