Freeze Protection in Gas Holders

Poul G. Hjorth, Gail Duursma

    Research output: Book/ReportReportResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    In cold weather, the water seals of gasholders need protection from freez- ing to avoid compromising the seal. These holders have a large reservoir of “tank water” at the base which is below ground. At present freeze- protection is achieved by external heating of the seal water which is in a slotted channel called a cup. Electrical heating or circulation of heated tank water to the cup are examples of systems presently used. The tank water has a large thermal capacity and National Grid wishes to inves- tigate whether circulation of the tank water without external heating could provide sufficient energy input to avoid freezing. Only tanks in which the tank water is below ground are investigated in the report. The soil temperature under the reservoir at depth of 10m and lower is almost constant.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationHeriott-Watt University
    PublisherThe Smith Institute
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

    Cite this

    Hjorth, P. G., & Duursma, G. (2008). Freeze Protection in Gas Holders. Heriott-Watt University: The Smith Institute.
    Hjorth, Poul G. ; Duursma, Gail. / Freeze Protection in Gas Holders. Heriott-Watt University : The Smith Institute, 2008.
    @book{eea33a0e6d614f84bde0c974c9c07ab5,
    title = "Freeze Protection in Gas Holders",
    abstract = "In cold weather, the water seals of gasholders need protection from freez- ing to avoid compromising the seal. These holders have a large reservoir of “tank water” at the base which is below ground. At present freeze- protection is achieved by external heating of the seal water which is in a slotted channel called a cup. Electrical heating or circulation of heated tank water to the cup are examples of systems presently used. The tank water has a large thermal capacity and National Grid wishes to inves- tigate whether circulation of the tank water without external heating could provide sufficient energy input to avoid freezing. Only tanks in which the tank water is below ground are investigated in the report. The soil temperature under the reservoir at depth of 10m and lower is almost constant.",
    author = "Hjorth, {Poul G.} and Gail Duursma",
    year = "2008",
    language = "English",
    publisher = "The Smith Institute",

    }

    Hjorth, PG & Duursma, G 2008, Freeze Protection in Gas Holders. The Smith Institute, Heriott-Watt University.

    Freeze Protection in Gas Holders. / Hjorth, Poul G.; Duursma, Gail.

    Heriott-Watt University : The Smith Institute, 2008.

    Research output: Book/ReportReportResearchpeer-review

    TY - RPRT

    T1 - Freeze Protection in Gas Holders

    AU - Hjorth, Poul G.

    AU - Duursma, Gail

    PY - 2008

    Y1 - 2008

    N2 - In cold weather, the water seals of gasholders need protection from freez- ing to avoid compromising the seal. These holders have a large reservoir of “tank water” at the base which is below ground. At present freeze- protection is achieved by external heating of the seal water which is in a slotted channel called a cup. Electrical heating or circulation of heated tank water to the cup are examples of systems presently used. The tank water has a large thermal capacity and National Grid wishes to inves- tigate whether circulation of the tank water without external heating could provide sufficient energy input to avoid freezing. Only tanks in which the tank water is below ground are investigated in the report. The soil temperature under the reservoir at depth of 10m and lower is almost constant.

    AB - In cold weather, the water seals of gasholders need protection from freez- ing to avoid compromising the seal. These holders have a large reservoir of “tank water” at the base which is below ground. At present freeze- protection is achieved by external heating of the seal water which is in a slotted channel called a cup. Electrical heating or circulation of heated tank water to the cup are examples of systems presently used. The tank water has a large thermal capacity and National Grid wishes to inves- tigate whether circulation of the tank water without external heating could provide sufficient energy input to avoid freezing. Only tanks in which the tank water is below ground are investigated in the report. The soil temperature under the reservoir at depth of 10m and lower is almost constant.

    M3 - Report

    BT - Freeze Protection in Gas Holders

    PB - The Smith Institute

    CY - Heriott-Watt University

    ER -

    Hjorth PG, Duursma G. Freeze Protection in Gas Holders. Heriott-Watt University: The Smith Institute, 2008.