Framework for reactive mass transport: Phase change modeling of concrete by a coupled mass transport and chemical equilibrium model

Mads Mønster Jensen, Björn Johannesson, Mette Rica Geiker

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Reactive transport modeling is applicable for a range of porous materials. Here the modeling framework is focused on cement-based materials, where ion diffusion and migration are described by the Poisson-Nernst-Planck equation system. A two phase vapor/liquid flow model, with a sorption hysteresis description is coupled to the system. The mass transport is solved by using the finite element method where the chemical equilibrium is solved explicitly by an operator splitting method. The IPHREEQC library is used as chemical equilibrium solver. The equation system, solved by IPHREEQC, is explained for aqueous, pure phase and solid solution reactions. Numerical examples, with cement-based materials, are constructed to demonstrate transient phase change modeling. A simulation of pure multi-species leaching from the material, showing deterioration of the solid phases is described and calculated. A second simulation, showing multi-species ingress with formation of new solid phases in the domain is described and calculated. It is shown that the numerical solution method is capable of solving the reactive mass transport system for the examples considered. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalComputational Materials Science
Volume92
Pages (from-to)213-223
Number of pages11
ISSN0927-0256
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Chemical equilibrium modeling
  • Mass transport modeling
  • Phase change
  • Cement

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