Four Data Visualization Heuristics to Facilitate Reflection in Personal Informatics

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


In this paper we discuss how to facilitate the process of reflection in Personal Informatics and Quantified Self systems through interactive data visualizations. Four heuristics for the design and evaluation of such systems have been identified through analysis of self-tracking devices and apps. Dashboard interface paradigms in specific self-tracking devices (Fitbit and Basis) are discussed as representative examples of state of the art in feedback and reflection support. By relating to existing work in other domains, such as event related representation of time series multivariate data in financial analytics, it is discussed how the heuristics could guide designs that would further facilitate reflection in self-tracking personal informatics systems.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 8th International Conference on Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction, UAHCI 2014 : Design for All and Accessibility Practice
EditorsConstantine Stephanidis, Margherita Antona
Publication date2014
ISBN (Print) 978-3-319-07508-2
ISBN (Electronic) 978-3-319-07509-9
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event16th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI 2014) - Heraklion, Crete, Greece
Duration: 22 Jun 201427 Jun 2014


Conference16th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI 2014)
CityHeraklion, Crete
Internet address
SeriesLecture Notes in Computer Science


  • personal informatics
  • quantified self
  • self-tracking
  • information visualization
  • feedback
  • reflection
  • heuristics


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