Numerical simulations are conducted to identify the underlying mechanism that governs the early soot evolution process in n-dodecane spray ames at 21% O2 level. The early evolution of soot mass, in particularly the soot spike phenomenon, is captured in the present large eddy simulation (LES) case, but not in the Unsteady Reynolds Averaged Navier- Stokes (URANS) case. Hence, a comparison of simulation results from LES and URANS is conducted to provide a better insight of this phenomenon. LES is shown to predict a rapid increasing in soot mass during the early stage of soot formation due to having a large favorable region for soot formation (equivalence ratio > 1:5 and local temperature > 1800 K). This favorable region increases and then decreases to reach a quasi-steady state in LES, while it continues to increase in URANS during the early time. In addition, the formation rate does not increase continuously as soot precursor reaches a plateau, whereas oxidation rate continues to increase signicantly in LES due to the ever increasing oxidizing species. This leads to a relatively dominant soot oxidation process over the soot formation process, which consequently results in the formation of soot spike in the LES case.
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
|Event||73rd Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society, Division of Fluid Dynamics (APS DFD 2020) - Virtual event, Chicago, United States|
Duration: 22 Nov 2020 → 24 Nov 2020
|Conference||73rd Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society, Division of Fluid Dynamics (APS DFD 2020)|
|Period||22/11/2020 → 24/11/2020|