Food Composition of the Diet in Relation to Changes in Waist Circumference Adjusted for Body Mass Index

Dora Romaguera, Lars Angquist, Huaidong Du, Marianne Uhre Jakobsen, Nita G. Forouhi, Jytte Halkjaer, Edith J. M. Feskens, Daphne L. van der A, Giovanna Masala, Annika Steffen, Domenico Palli, Nicholas J. Wareham, Kim Overvad, Anne Tjonneland, Heiner Boeing, Elio Riboli, Thorkild I. Sorensen, Jose A. L. Calbet (Editor)

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Background: Dietary factors such as low energy density and low glycemic index were associated with a lower gain in abdominal adiposity. A better understanding of which food groups/items contribute to these associations is necessary.Objective: To ascertain the association of food groups/items consumption on prospective annual changes in "waist circumference for a given BMI" (WCBMI), a proxy for abdominal adiposity. Design: We analyzed data from 48,631 men and women from 5 countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Anthropometric measurements were obtained at baseline and after a median follow-up time of 5.5 years. WCBMI was defined as the residuals of waist circumference regressed on BMI, and annual change in WCBMI (Delta WCBMI, cm/y) was defined as the difference between residuals at follow-up and baseline, divided by follow-up time. The association between food groups/items and Delta WCBMI was modelled using centre-specific adjusted linear regression, and random-effects meta-analyses to obtain pooled estimates. Results: Higher fruit and dairy products consumption was associated with a lower gain in WCBMI whereas the consumption of white bread, processed meat, margarine, and soft drinks was positively associated with Delta WCBMI. When these six food groups/items were analyzed in combination using a summary score, those in the highest quartile of the score - indicating a more favourable dietary pattern - showed a Delta WCBMI of -0.11 (95% CI -0.09 to -0.14) cm/y compared to those in the lowest quartile. Conclusion: A dietary pattern high in fruit and dairy and low in white bread, processed meat, margarine, and soft drinks may help to prevent abdominal fat accumulation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalP L o S One
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)e23384
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright: 2011 Romaguera et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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