Fluoride exposure of East African consumers using alkaline salt deposits known as magadi (trona) as a food preparation aid

Joan Maj Nielsen, E. Dahi

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    The fluoride content of Tanzanian and Kenyan magadi has been estimated to be in the range 0.1-17.9 mg F- g(-1), which is comparable with that reported elsewhere, but indicating a considerable variation in levels. The median fluoride content of crystalline magadi harvested from the alkaline lakes was 2.1 mg g(-1), which was higher than the median of 1.4 mg g(-1) for scooped magadi harvested from the surface soil. The highest median fluoride contents of 3.2 and 2.9 mg g(-1) were found in magadi originating from Lake Magadi, Kenya, and Lake Natron, Tanzania, respectively. It was found that the fluoride content varied significantly even for magadi originating from the individual lake, e. g. the fluoride content in magadi from Lake Magadi was between 0.1 and 8.7 mg g(-1). In a lump of magadi originating from Lake Magadi, it was found that the fluoride content in 20 smaller part samples was subject to considerable variation indicating that the fluoride-bearing minerals were unevenly distributed in the lump. Results show that the fluoride is mainly present in grains
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalFood Additives and Contaminants
    Issue number8
    Pages (from-to)709-714
    Publication statusPublished - 2002


    • exposure
    • fluoride
    • alkaline lakes
    • magadi
    • trona
    • east africa

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