FLOW's D1.1 - Drivers: policies, framework conditions and key stakeholders in EV integration

Mattia Secchi*, Peter Bach Andersen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Book/ReportReportCommissioned

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This deliverable (D1.1 External drivers) documents the work carried out in work package 1, Task 1.1 “Drivers: policies, framework conditions and key stakeholders in EV integration”. The main external conditions, trends and motivations driving the electrification of transportation which are relevant to the FLOW project are going to be reviewed. In addition, the key stakeholders, with a special attention towards the EV users, are listed.

The European "Clean energy for all Europeans" and "Fit for 55" packages are identified as some of the most significant drivers for electrifying the transportation sector. The emphasis is put on achievingambitious CO2 emission reductions – including an “ad-interim” 55% target reduction on the emissions of newly sold vehicles by 2030 compared to 2021, and a 100% reduction by 2035. Moreover, the "Fit for 55" package specifically refers to the charging infrastructure, as its proactive development is seen as key in order to achieve the EV diffusion targets: 30 million zero-emissions vehicles by 2030.

A number of key EU directives, regulations and initiatives have been proposed in order to achive the transportation sector electrification targets. D1.1 lists a number of these and states their relevance to the FLOW project. Among the most significant for smart charging, and ultimately V2G, are the Energy Performance of the Buildings Directive (EPBD) and Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (AFID), which will help drive the deployment of a smart and sufficient charging infrastructure. Furthermore, the Common Rules for the Internal Market of Electricity Directive will help support the smart integration between transportation and the power system.

The countries represented in FLOW are taking steps and initiatives to support both EV diffusion, strengthening the charging infrastructure and facilitating market and grid integration. This is done in accordance with EU directives and regulations – but also by taking steps above and beyond the requirements which can serve both as inspiration for other contries and recommendations of the FLOW project. D1.1 briefly describes key activities in the three partner countries hosting the main demonstrations – Italy, Spain and Denmark. In Italy, some resolutions (such as 300/2017/R/EEL and 352/2021/R/EEL) facilitate pilot programs and testing of smart charging and V2G. In Spain, the Royal Decree 568/2022 establishes the general framework for the regulatory test bed to enable the development of pilot projects including local electricity markets. In Denmark, the energy industries are developing a “Industry guidance for grid companies procurement of flexibility services" which will help promoting the use of demand-side flexibility, including electric vehicles. More examples are listed in D1.1 both from the demonstration countries and from other countries represented by the WP partners.

A number of key stakeholders are identified and described in terms of motivations, demands and drivers. The FLOW project benefits from having many partners representing the different key roles in transport electrification and grid integration, including smart charging and V2G. The deliverable describes the EV users more in detail, including attitudes, demands and perceptions of smart charging concepts, and drivers for bidirectional charging systems acceptance. A stakeholder map is presented illustrating the flow of power and services between actors – as well as the key products which are part of the project domain.

As such, the WP1 partners hope to have provided insights on drivers and stakeholders which may help and inform the rest of the FLOW project.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages41
Publication statusPublished - 2023


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